Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)

Media
Photo of Indian strawberry plant with flower
Status
Name
Invasive
Scientific Name
Duchesnea indica (syn. Potentilla indica)
Family
Rosaceae (roses)
Description

Indian, or mock strawberry, is a weedy, ground-hugging plant that roots from runners. The flowers are solitary, arising from leafy joints along the stems, with 5 leafy bracts at the base of the flower that are toothed and larger than the sepals. Petals 5, yellow. Blooms April-June. Leaves compound with 3 parts; leaflets coarsely toothed, each with its own small stalk; leaves and stems sparsely hairy. Fruits resemble miniature strawberries, but they are not juicy and lack flavor. The fruits are produced April-June, and sporadically through September.

Similar species: Wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) is similar but has white petals and fruit that is delicious.

Size

Flowering height: to about 2½ inches; stem length: to more than 1 foot.

Where To Find
image of Indian Strawberry Mock Strawberry Distribution Map

Statewide.

Open areas in woods, prairies, and fields. Commonly found in urban, suburban,and disturbed areas. It might be growing in your yard. This plant is native to eastern and southern Asia, which is reflected in its species name indica (“from India”). It was introduced to the United States as an ornamental and now has become a weed. Some states consider it invasive.

Weedy; invasive in some places. Also called “mock strawberry” and “Indian mock strawberry.” Historically, common names of plants often used the word “Indian” to mean “false” or “mock,” and although that usage is biased, the basic meaning could fit in this case, since this is not a true strawberry (in the genus Fragaria). However, the species name indica means “of India,” and that fits, too, since this plant was first known from the Indian subcontinent.

Weeds that grow in lawns can be annoying, and they support an entire industry of chemical lawn-treatment specialists. However, lawn weeds can also be appreciated for the color and variety they provide. This plant was originally introduced as an ornamental.

A line is crossed when introduced plants move into wild areas and threaten to outcompete native plants, which are the rightful heirs of the territory they grow upon. This plant is invasive in many locations across America.

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A very simple way of thinking about the green world is to divide the vascular plants into two groups: woody and nonwoody (or herbaceous). But this is an artificial division; many plant families include some species that are woody and some that are not. The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more!