Healthy Forests

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From Missouri Conservationist: Jun 2007

Our Glorious Forests

Union Ridge CA

  • Size: 7980.7 acres
  • Location: Junction of Adair, Putnam and Sullivan counties
  • Importance: Diverse wildlife habitat and multiple recreation opportunities including disabled-accessible facilities
  • Things to do: Picnic, view/photograph wildlife and uncommon-to-rare wildflowers, birding, hunting, fishing and camping
  • Online information: visit our online atlas and search “Union”
  • For more information contact the area manager: 660-785-2420

If your favorite park features tall, wide-crowned oaks shading grasses and woodland flowers, you have a good idea of the vision guiding woodland restoration at Union Ridge Conservation Area (CA). Native woodlands (not as open as prairies, not as dense as forests) have appealed to the human spirit for millennia, and most urban parks are designed on their model. Because they are so structurally diverse—providing grasses, wildflowers, a few shrubs and mature, mast-bearing trees—woodlands are also important to a wide range of wildlife. Quail and turkey nest in them, and deer browse their acorns in the fall. During the last four years, Department of Conservation staff has applied fire and thinning to roughly 300 acres of what were originally native woodlands at Union Ridge CA. In time, management will restore these acres to their native diversity and produce a classic, park-like landscape that will nurture wildlife and appeal to human visitors.

Livestock in Woodlands

Forest grazing can hurt trees, wildlife and livestock.

If you value your historic hardwood groves or woodlands, keep livestock out of them, especially during the growing season. Continuous grazing pressure can wipe out the forest understory, opening fragile soils to erosion and exposing the roots of mature trees. Forest browse may also be nutrient-poor or poisonous. Learn more about excluding livestock from forests at, and type “forest grazing hurts” in the search field. If you need help fencing livestock, ask your local Department forester about cost-share programs.

Minimize Oak Decline

You can control it in your private woodlot.

If you have a woodlot, especially in southern Missouri, you may be familiar with oak decline. It appears in mature oak forests where trees grow on shallow, rocky ridgelines and have suffered excessive drought, insect defoliation, late-season frosts or acute pollution. The signs include presence of red oak borers, logs riddled with holes and stringy black fungus growing on trunks and roots. Despite an increase in southern Missouri, you can stop oak decline in your private woodlot.

First, remove diseased trees from high-use areas and contact a professional forester who can help you develop a long-term management plan. Also, thin out weakened, diseased oaks and plant species such as shortleaf pine and white oak, which are long-lived and drought-tolerant.

For more information, contact your local Department of Conservation forester.

This Issue's Staff

Editor in Chief - Ara Clark
Managing Editor - Nichole LeClair
Art Director - Cliff White
Writer/editor - Tom Cwynar
Staff Writer - Bonnie Chasteen
Staff Writer - Jim Low
Staff Writer - Arleasha Mays
Photographer- Noppadol Paothong
Artist - Dave Besenger
Artist - Mark Raithel
Designer - Les Fortenberry
Circulation - Laura Scheuler