Pine Tree Spur-Throat Grasshopper

Pine tree spur-throat grasshopper resting on a leaf
Scientific Name
Melanoplus punctulatus
Acrididae (short-horned grasshoppers) in the order Orthoptera (grasshoppers, katydids, crickets)

The pine tree spur-throat grasshopper usually lives in wooded areas, where its mottled, brownish-gray camouflage protects it when it rests on tree trunks. The outer surface of the hind femurs (thigh-like segments) are distinctively marked with alternating bands of black and gray; the inner surface of the hind femurs is typically bright red.

This species has a wide distribution in North America and different populations may have various overall tints of olive, rust, gray, or tan.

Males are slightly smaller than females and have the cerci (pair of appendages at the abdomen tip, which generally look like tiny prongs in other grasshoppers) shaped like flattened clubs or boots.

Learn more about this and other short-horned grasshoppers on their group page.

Other Common Names
Grizzly Locust
Grizzled Grasshopper
Mottled Grasshopper

Length: Females to about 1½ inches; males are smaller, only about 1 inch.

Where To Find


Although most grasshoppers are associated with open, grassy areas, the pine tree spur throat grasshopper usually occurs in wooded areas, including both deciduous and coniferous (pine) woodlands. When these insects rest on tree bark — especially when they are up in the canopy munching on tree leaves — they are difficult to see, but when they alight on a green leaf near the forest floor, they are conspicuous. Similarly, if you live in or near a wooded area, you may find one of these grasshoppers resting on your car or the side of your house.

Pine tree spur-throat grasshoppers eat the leaves of trees.

Life Cycle

Females deposit their eggs in bark crevices of tree trunks.

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About Land Invertebrates in Missouri
Invertebrates are animals without backbones, including earthworms, slugs, snails, and arthropods. Arthropods—invertebrates with “jointed legs” — are a group of invertebrates that includes crayfish, shrimp, millipedes, centipedes, mites, spiders, and insects. There may be as many as 10 million species of insects alive on earth today, and they probably constitute more than 90 percent all animal species.