Chinese Mysterysnail

Media
Two Chinese mysterysnails, out of water, resting on a white surface, with a ruler nearby for scale
Status
Name
Invasive
Scientific Name
Cipangopaludina chinensis malleata (syn. Bellamya chinensis)
Family
Viviparidae (large operculate freshwater snails) in the order Architaenioglossa (having gills and often an operculum)
Description

The shell of the Chinese mysterysnail is large, spherical, and smooth. The outer shell is light to dark olive green to brownish. The inner shell is white to pale blue. The operculum, which functions as a door to seal off the shell, is concentrically marked, with uniform color throughout and no banding. The shell can have 6 to 8 whorls. The whorls are strongly rounded, and each suture where the whorls join is very indented. The outer lip is blackish and either round or oval.

Common Name Synonyms
Chinese Mystery Snail
Asian Apple Snail
Oriental Mystery Snail
Trapdoor Snail
Size

Shell length: up to 2½ inches.

Where To Find
image of Chinese Mystery Snail Distribution Map

Found in at least 11 counties in Missouri.

The Chinese mysterysnail can live in lakes, ponds, rice fields, irrigation and roadside ditches, and calm portions of streams where there is a soft mud substrate. It typically crawls on the surface of mud and on aquatic vegetation in ponds, lakes, and slow-moving streams.

Never release aquarium species or aquarium water into natural aquatic habitats. Also, learn about and practice clean boating techniques so that you do not accidentally spread invasive mystery snails, zebra mussels, and a host of invasive aquatic plants from one body of water to another. See the link below for tips on clean boating techniques. Finally, learn how to identify invasive animals and plants, so you can report them and help protect our natural ecosystems.

The Chinese mysterysnail feeds on algae (primarily algae that is attached or clinging to plants or other objects that project above the bottom sediment) and dead organic matter on the bottom and attached to vegetation.

Nonnative, invasive species.

Life Cycle

The females do not lay eggs; instead, they give birth to live, crawling young. A female can give birth to 169 young or more in a lifetime, and a single brood may have 102 young. Females can live up to five years, while males only live to about three. This species of snail has an operculum, which is like a door that allows them to close their shells to protect them from predators and to keep them from drying out if they are temporarily out of water.

Mysterysnails have been imported to our country by the aquarium industry as well as for Asian food markets. Some releases were probably from hobbyists, and others may have been deliberate, to create a local food source. This exotic snail species can transmit diseases to humans and clog water intake pipes.

The official common name of this species is spelled closed (without a space) because malacologists (biologists who study molluscs) use the word mysterysnail to signify the genus.

The Chinese mysterysnail can serve as a vector for the transmission of parasites and diseases to our native aquatic species. Missouri has approximately 60 species of snails native within our borders; this is not one of them. The Chinese mysterysnail competes with our native snails for food and space.

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About Aquatic Invertebrates in Missouri
Missouri's streams, lakes, and other aquatic habitats hold thousands of kinds of invertebrates — worms, freshwater mussels, snails, crayfish, insects, and other animals without backbones. These creatures are vital links in the aquatic food chain, and their presence and numbers tell us a lot about water quality.