MDC reminds ash tree owners of EAB concern

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COLUMBIA, Mo. — The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) reports the presence of emerald ash borer (EAB) in 89 Missouri counties and the City of St. Louis. Unfortunately, ash trees in forests across Missouri will soon be dead, as EAB continues its march across the state.

EAB is a small, metallic green beetle native to Asia that attacks all species of ash trees, killing more than 99 percent of the trees it attacks. Ash trees typically show a pattern of declining health for 2–4 years before being killed by EAB.

Woodpecker damage, sprouts growing from the main trunk, and major branch loss can all indicate the presence of EAB in ash trees.

“Landowners often notice woodpecker damage on their ash during the winter months — typically the first sign of EAB in an area,” says MDC Forest Entomologist Robbie Doerhoff. “By the time you notice this type of damage, it is generally too late to save your tree with insecticides.”

Protecting ash trees on your property with insecticides prior to attack by EAB is the best way to keep the trees alive.

“If you have a live ash tree in your yard and you’d like to see it stay that way, now is the time to treat it with an insecticide,” says Doerhoff. “Not all products will protect your tree from EAB, so it’s important to understand your options when it comes to this pest.”

See MDC’s EAB Management Guide for Missouri Homeowners for a list of insecticides recommended by EAB experts, and follow these steps when considering ash treatments:

  • Make sure your tree is an ash! Learn to identify ash trees in this MDC video: 
  • Check the health of your tree. Look for dead branches, sprouts growing from the trunk, and woodpecker damage. If more than 50% of the tree’s canopy is dead, it likely can’t be saved.
  • Measure your tree at chest height. If the diameter is 20 inches or less, you can treat the tree yourself using a soil drench insecticide purchased online or at your local garden center. If the tree is larger than 20 inches in diameter (63 inches in circumference), it needs to be treated by a professional arborist. Visit for a list of certified arborists in your area.

Doerhoff says that once EAB becomes established in a new area and wintertime woodpecker damage becomes evident, most local ash trees will be dead within a few short years.

“Dying or dead ash become very brittle and should be removed promptly if they pose a threat to people or property,” says Doerhoff.

MDC encourages Missourians to consider replacing EAB-affected ash trees with other Missouri-native tree species. For information about suitable replacement tree species and to place seasonal orders with MDC’s State Forest Nursery, visit

Don’t move firewood

Felled ash trees should be disposed of locally to prevent the accidental spread of EAB to new locations. EAB can emerge from ash firewood and logs for up to two years after harvest, so don’t give EAB a free ride to your favorite camping locations. Buy firewood near where you plan to burn it!

MDC encourages Missourians to report possible EAB infestations in counties where the pest has not yet been confirmed. Reports can be made by emailing