Virginia Creeper

Media
Illustration of virginia creeper leaves, stem, flowers, fruit.
Scientific Name
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Family
Vitaceae (grapes)
Description

Virginia creeper is a climbing vine with tendrils and aerial roots to 75 feet high. It is in the grape family.

Leaves are alternate, palmately compound (leaflets arise from a single point), with 5 leaflets (rarely 7; or 3 on new growth); leaflets 2–6 inches long with pointed tips and margins coarsely toothed. Leaves typically turn bright red in autumn.

Stems are reddish-brown, finely hairy; tendrils many-branched, 1½–2 inches long, ending in sucker disks. Older stems, when climbing, develop coarse aerial roots used to attach to tree trunks, walls of buildings, and so on.

Flowering is in late May to August. Clusters arise opposite the leaves near the end of short stems of the season. Clusters are 1½–5 inches long and contain 2–200 flowers. Flowers are greenish, with 5 petals and with 5 stamens that extend beyond the flower.

Fruits ripen in September and October. Clusters are 3–6 inches long, with red stalks. Fruit is a dark purple berry, about ¼ inch across, globe-shaped, slightly flattened. Fruits are inedible and reputedly poisonous.

Common Name Synonyms
Woodbine
Size

A climbing vine that can grow 75 feet high.

Where To Find
image of Virginia Creeper Distribution Map

Statewide.

Occurs in open and moist woods, fence rows, rocky wooded hillsides, ravines, and bluffs.

Common.

An excellent vine for covering fences, walls of buildings, trellises, and other objects. Bonsai practitioners have created beautiful bonsai from Virginia creeper. The leaves turn a bright crimson to purple in the autumn. This species is unrelated to poison ivy; it is in the grape family.

Honeybees frequent the flowers, and the fruits are eaten by many types of birds, including bobwhite. Deer browse the leaves and stems in spring and summer, and they eat the fruits in autumn. Squirrels eat the bark in winter. Wild turkeys eat the young tendrils.

Title
Media Gallery
Title
Similar Species
About Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines in Missouri
There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground.