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Snowflake Shapes

Dec 13, 2020

It would be hard to prove that no two snowflakes are exactly alike. But it’s easy to find a variety of spectacular shapes in the tiny structures that turn the landscape white.

Snowflakes form high in the earth’s atmosphere when super-chilled water vapor crystallizes around a particle of dust. As a seed crystal circulates within a cloud, it changes in size and shape. The atmosphere the snowflake encounters along the way is what creates the snowflake’s pattern.

From lacy structures to small, angled prisms, there are officially six types of snow crystals. All of these crystals have one thing in common, each branch or stem has exactly six sides. Because of the way water molecules stack up when they freeze, the ice crystals can’t form in any other way. Pick up a magnifying glass and take a look at the next snowfall. The types of ice crystals you’re most likely to see are stellar crystals and hexagonal plates. Stellar crystals are lacy and star-shaped. They’re the ones you make when you cut a snowflake out of folded paper. Hexagonal plates are the flat, six-sided crystals that you’ll see floating down, dancing and twinkling in the winter sky.

When a snow storm hits, take a close look at the delicate patterns that fall. See for yourself if any two are the same. It's also fun while you are out to look for animal tracks in the snow and see if you can figure out who made them.

Winter Living

The amount of snowfall determines the odds of survival for wildlife in winter.

  • One inch of snow hinders ground-feeding birds such as quail from finding food, but efficiently hides a meadow mouse from the watchful eye of a hungry hawk.
  • A half foot of snow forces a fox to leap and bound, yet lifts a rabbit, bringing it closer to its food supply of winter buds on saplings.
  • Ruffed grouse take advantage of deep powdery snows by diving into drifts at night and reaping the benefits of an insulated snow blanket, while a hungry deer fights deep snow drifts with each and every step.
  • Playful otters enjoy a good snow by sliding down snowy banks on their bellies, but wildlife such as songbirds struggle in the snow and cold of winter.

Learn more about wildlife and winter.


Northern Cardinal in the snow
Northern Cardinal in snow

MO DOC-2020-DNN Dec Wk 3 Snowflakes-MDOC2012-LF03.mp3

Discover Nature Notes Radio
Hear how snowflakes are formed and shaped


Mallard in snow
Mallard in snow


Female Northern Cardinal in snow
Female Northern Cardinal in snow

Snowy Earthquake

Take a Drone tour of snowy Earthquake Hollow Conservation Area
Take a Drone tour of snowy Earthquake Hollow Conservation Area

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