Quick Read: They are stealthy, savvy and hard to outsmart. Campsites and backyards are common scenes for their night raids. Raccoons are furbearers with an amazing ability to break into containers and garbage cans. Their long fingers on their front paws are perfect for picking locks and latches. They also have an uncanny ability to remember these feats and mimic them from watching each other.
Your car headlights reflect off bright red eyes from a hunch-backed form ambling across the road. The black mask and ringed tail identify it as a raccoon, that curious night-time prowler.
During the night, raccoons search out a variety of food, from fruit and near-ripe sweet corn to wriggling crayfish, worms, frogs, fish, dead animals and even garbage. The long, sensitive fingers on a raccon's front paws are just right for reaching into tight cracks and hiding places. There's a popular belief that raccon's always wash their food. This is not true in all cases. Raccoons often catch prey in water, but they'll eat food wherever they find it, without washing first.
Raccoons are intelligent and curious. They can remove lids from garbage cans and figure out how to open tricky latches on storage containers. Once a raccoon learns how to pick locks, it will remember how to open them the next time. Young raccoons may then learn these techniques by mimicking other raccoons. As campers and picknickers have learned, it's sometimes impossible to outsmart them.
The masked bandit may be stalking your neighborhood, whether you live in the country, city or suburbs.
- Raccoons are valuable members of the ecosystem, functioning as herbivores, carnivores, and prey. They help disperse seeds of the numerous fruits they consume.
- Raccoons eat both plant and animal matter, including persimmons, grapes, Osage oranges, blackberries, grasses, corn, acorns, pecans, and other nuts, as well as crayfish, clams, fish, snails, a wide range of insects, frogs, snakes, bird eggs, mice, squirrels, rabbits and more.
- Raccoons prefer timbered habitat near water. They also may be found in urban and suburban areas. Dens are made in hollow trees, in caves, rocky crevices, abandoned woodchuck burrows and many other places.
- Raccoons are a valuable fur species. Their fur is used for coats, collars, muffs, and trimmings.
- Hunters and trappers may pursue raccoons during furbearer season. In addition, the Wildlife Code of Missouri allows landowners to control raccoons that have become a nuisance. Check Hunting Regulations and Raccoon Control for regulations and control details.
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