Large, elongated fish with a moderately large mouth. Cheek scales much smaller than rest of body scales. Back and sides are greenish-brown with faint dark mottling and bars; the belly whitish overlain with dusky pigment. No dark horizontal stripe. Without rows of dark spots. Upper jaw reaches to about the rear margin of the eye in adults. Tongue usually has rough patch. Dorsal fins connected. Most closely related to largemouth and spotted bass.