The Current River Watershed drains a land area of approximately 2,621 square miles in portions of 9 counties in Missouri and 2 Counties in Arkansas. These counties include Texas, Dent, Reynolds, Shannon, Howell, Oregon, Carter, Butler, and Ripley in Missouri; and Randolph and Clay Counties in Arkansas. Most of the watershed (95.9%) lies within Missouri. Approximately 18% of the Current River Watershed is drained by the Jacks Fork River which flows into the Current River approximately 5 air miles east northeast of Eminence, Missouri.
The Current River is formed by the confluence of Pigeon Creek and the Montauk Spring complex near Montauk, Missouri. From its beginnings the river flows approximately 184 miles in a southeasterly to south direction before flowing into the Black River near Pocahontas, Arkansas. The Current River Watershed (including the Jacks Fork Watershed and Current River Watershed in Arkansas) has 16 cities and towns within or partially within its boundary and approximately 3,407 miles of road (not including the Jacks Fork Watershed or Arkansas).