Pick a place that’s sheltered from wind, rain, and snow. Brush away everything on the ground that could ignite — leaves, pine needles, grass — until you get down to bare dirt or rock. The bare area should be a circle at least 5 feet wide.
Tinder is dry, fluffy material that easily ignites, such as paper, pine needles, dead grass, birch bark, or cattail fluff. You’ll need a fist-sized wad of tinder to start your fire. Kindling lights easily and burns long enough to catch bigger branches on fire. Look for bonedry twigs that are thicker than a matchstick but thinner than a pencil. Collect at least two armfuls. Fuel is made up of larger branches that will burn from several minutes to several hours. As long as it’s dry, anything from finger-sized branches to leg-sized logs will work. Two or three armfuls should get you started.
Angie Daly Morfeld
Nichole LeClair Terrill