From Xplor for Kids
April 2014 Issue

You Discover

Publish Date

Apr 01, 2014

Nature wakes up in April and May. Birds sing, wildflowers bloom, and fish finally find their appetites. With so much going on, it’s hard to decide what to do. Here are a few ideas to get you started.

Grow Your Own Birdseed

Sunflowers are bird magnets. Plant a few rows of these happy yellow flowers in spring, and you’ll keep every cardinal, goldfinch, and chickadee in your yard fat and happy all autumn long. Sunflowers aren’t picky plants. All you need is a sunny patch of well-drained soil that is sheltered from the wind. For growing tips, sow this in your web browser: xplormo.org/node/27241.

Meet Your Wild Neighbors

There are probably more animals living in your yard than you think. To find out, sketch your yard on a piece of paper. Then, go outside and look for animal homes. Search trees for robin nests, woodpecker holes, and squirrel dens. Check your lawn for mole tunnels. Explore grassy areas for rodent burrows, spider webs, and rabbit nests. Whenever you find an animal’s home, mark its location on your map. But don’t wear out your welcome with these newfound neighbors. Animals may move away if you visit too long.

Listen for Whip-poor-wills

Whip-poor-wills are so well-camouflaged they’re nearly impossible to see. But the big-mouthed birds are easy to hear. Just pitch a tent in the woods on a fullmoon night in April or May. Shortly after sunset, whip-poor-wills will begin calling — and won’t shut up for quite some time. On nights when the moon is bright, whip-poor-wills hunt for moths, beetles, and other flying insects all night long, so you’d better pack your earplugs!

Give Bluegills a Go

If fish don’t bite fast enough for your patience, give bluegills a go in late May. This is when male bluegills fan out saucer-shaped nests in the shallow water along the edges of lakes and ponds. Males guard their nests fiercely. All you need to do is cast a small jig or worm-baited hook just beyond the nests and reel it in slowly. In no time, you’ll feel the sharp tug of an angry bluegill. Bluegills nest in colonies, so if you hook one, cast to the same spot to hook more.

Watch an Animal Actor

If birds could win Oscars, the killdeer would be a shoo-in for best actor. To lure predators away from their nests, these tan-andwhite shorebirds act like they have broken wings. To see this performance, search for killdeer in mowed pastures, gravel parking lots, and athletic fields. Listen for a shrill kill-dee-deedee call to help pinpoint one of the birds. Then, slowly approach. You’ll know you’re near a nest when the mama or papa killdeer begins to drag its wing dramatically.

Listen to LOVE SONGS

By April, the sounds of spring are in full swing, and each puddle and pool overflows with a chorus of amphibian calls. Cricket frogs, chorus frogs, toads, treefrogs, and spring peepers seem to compete to see who can sing loudest to attract a mate. To hear these crooning croakers serenade their sweethearts, head outside at sunset and explore shallow puddles, wet fields, and flooded ditches. For help identifying who’s singing, hop over to xplormo.org/node/2915.

Don't miss the chance to Discover Nature at these fun events.

  • Get eye to beak with birds of prey at Wings over Water. Runge Conservation Nature Center, Jefferson City; April 24, 6:30–7:30 p.m.; For info, call 573-526-5544.
  • Get wet and wild at Wetlands for Kids. August A. Busch Memorial Conservation Area, St. Charles April 5, 10 a.m.–3 p.m. For info, call 636-441-4554.
  • Hook a rainbow (trout) at Kids’ Free Fishing Day. Maramec Spring Park, St. James Ages 15 and younger May 17, 6:30 a.m.–8:25 p.m. For info, call 573-265-7801, ext. 22.
  • Learn to bag a gobbler at the Youth Turkey Clinic and Hunt. Conservation Department Office, Kirksville; 5:30 p.m., April 11 to noon, April 12 Register at 660-785-2420.
  • Both kids and parents shoot at Family Archery. Burr Oak Woods Conservation Nature Center, Blue Springs Ages 8 and older April 19, noon–2 p.m. Register at 816-228-3766.

Looking for more ways to have fun outside? Find out about Discover Nature programs in your area at xplormo.org/node/2616.

What Is It?

  1. I spring up in spring before trees leaf out.
  2. I look like a shiny — but tiny — green umbrella.
  3. You may eat my “apple,” but avoid the rest of me.
  4. My name is only half right.

Mid-spring, Missouri’s woods are dotted with the shiny green, umbrella-shaped leaves of mayapples. Where you find one mayapple, you’ll likely find dozens. That’s because mayapples sprout from rhizomes (rie-zomes), stems that grow horizontally underground. Although mayapples flower in May, their fruits, or “apples,” don’t ripen until summer. You can eat the “apple” when it’s ripe, but the rest of the plant is poisonous.

Critter Corner

Baby Raccoon

Stick ’em up. The black fur surrounding a raccoon’s eyes looks a bit like a robber’s mask. But the only thing this bushy-tailed bandit wants to steal is food. In wild places, raccoons use their nimble paws to swipe things like frogs, crayfish, mice, eggs, and berries. In cities, the masked mammals aren’t above helping themselves to pet food or tipping over trash cans.

Also in this issue

Rooms with a View

A tree isn’t just a tree. It’s also a high-rise apartment building, home to a tree-mendous number of living things

Wild Jobs: Bird Ecologist Brad Jacobs

Bird ecologist Brad Jacobs keeps a close eye on Missouri's feathered friends.

Strange But True

Your guide to all the unusual, unique, and unbelievable stuff that goes on in nature.

This Issue's Staff:

Brett Dufur
Les Fortenberry
Karen Hudson
Regina Knauer
Noppadol Paothong
Marci Porter
Mark Raithel
Laura Scheuler
Matt Seek
Tim Smith
David Stonner
Nichole LeClair Terrill
Stephanie Thurber
Cliff White

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