Forest and Woodland Management

The wooded areas on Missouri’s landscape play an important habitat role for a variety of wildlife species. Well managed forests and woodlands provide snags for nesting woodpeckers, food and cover for deer and turkey, and den trees for squirrels and furbearers. Wooded edge produces browse for deer and nesting areas for birds.

The difference between a good and poor wildlife woodland can be as simple as a fence and proper tree management. Review the techniques below for information about managing your wooded areas for both wildlife and timber production.

In This Section

Wooded Ecosystems

Many animals are generalists and use all wooded areas: forest, woodland, open woodland, and savanna.

Forest Management Plan

Learn how to create a forest management plan based on the capabilities of your property.

Protection From Grazing

Over-grazing by livestock can lead to tree decline, loss of timber value, tree mortality, soil erosion and compaction, and wildlife habitat destruction.

Forest Thinning

Forest thinning may be the appropriate management tool if you want to improve timber production, increase wildlife, or grow vigorous, healthy trees on your property.

Protecting Den Trees and Snags

Den trees and snags are essential habitat for many kinds of woodland wildlife. Woodlands typically have very few trees with cavities, so it is important to protect both existing and potential den trees.

Woodland Edges and Openings

Optimize the space between fields and woodland on your property to provide critical food provisions and cover wildlife year-round.

Glades and Balds

Glades are rocky openings in forested areas. Learn how to manage overgrowth on your property's glades to provide the most value for wildlife. 

Missouri Managed Woods

This voluntary program provides assistance and a property tax reduction for landowners with more than 20 acres of forested property.

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