Edible

  • Mushrooms

  • Media
    Photo of an alcohol inky mushroom cut in half lengthwise.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Coprinopsis atramentaria (formerly Coprinus atramentarius)
    Description
    The alcohol inky has a gray-brown, bell-shaped, radially lined cap and inky gills. It grows in clusters on the ground, usually near rotting or buried wood.
  • Media
    Photo of two ash tree boletes, tan pored mushrooms, one overturned showing pores
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Boletinellus merulioides
    Description
    The ash tree bolete is a pored mushroom with a brownish, wavy cap, an off-center stalk, and clearly defined pores. It grows scattered on the ground near ash trees.
  • Media
    Photo of bearded tooth, white round beardlike mushroom growing from tree trunk
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Hericium erinaceus
    Description
    The bearded tooth is a beardlike, whitish mass that grows on trunks of living deciduous trees and on fallen trees and logs.
  • Media
    Photo of beefsteak polypore, a rust-colored bracket fungus growing on tree base
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Fistulina hepatica
    Description
    The beefsteak polypore is a thick, semicircular, reddish or rusty, gelatinous bracket with a pinkish yellow underside. It grows at the base of living oaks and on stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of Berkeley's polypore, fresh, young specimen.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Bondarzewia berkeleyi
    Description
    Berkeley’s polypore grows in rosettes or clusters of fleshy, cream-colored caps, with whitish pores that descend the stalk. Look for them on the ground near the bases of trees.
  • Media
    Photograph of a black morel mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Morchella angusticeps (formerly M. elata)
    Description
    The black morel is a prized edible mushroom. It has a honeycombed cap with black to brownish black ridges and yellowish brown pits. It is completely hollow and grows in the spring.
  • Media
    Photo of two black trumpets, dark brown vase-shaped mushrooms on mossy ground
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Craterellus cornucopioides (C. fallax)
    Description
    The black trumpet is dark brown to black, vase- or trumpet-shaped, with a wavy margin and no gills. It grows in groups of few to many on rocky, mossy hillsides in deciduous woods.
  • Media
    Photo of black-staining polypore, a mushroom with tan, wavy, fan-shaped caps
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Meripilus sumstinei (formerly M. giganteus)
    Description
    The black-staining polypore grows in large, circular clusters of many fleshy, grayish yellow, fan-shaped caps, which bruise black when cut or touched. It grows on the ground around deciduous trees, especially oaks.
  • Media
    Blewits
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Lepista nuda (Clitocybe nuda; Tricholoma nudum)
    Description
    The blewit grows scattered in open areas, in mulch piles, and along paths. All parts of this mushroom—cap, gills and stalk—are violet to tan.
  • Media
    Photo of two comb tooth mushroom clusters growing on a fallen log.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Hericium coralloides (formerly H. ramosum)
    Description
    The comb tooth is a branched, whitish mass on fallen logs and decaying deciduous trees. Its branches are covered with tufts of hanging, toothlike spines.
  • Media
    Photo of cluster of common laccaria, small brownish pink mushrooms, in grass
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Laccaria laccata
    Description
    The common laccaria has a small, brownish pink cap with a central depression; the gills and stalk are a pale pinkish brown. Grows scattered or in groups in poor or sandy soil in mixed woods.
  • Media
    Photo of cluster of pinkish crown-tipped coral mushrooms growing on rotting log
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Artomyces pyxidatus (formerly Clavicorona pyxidata)
    Description
    The crown-tipped coral is a many-branched, coral-like mushroom that is yellowish tan with crownlike tips. It grows on the dead wood of deciduous trees.
  • Media
    Top-view photo of three dryad's saddles, a tan bracket fungus, growing on wood
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Polyporus squamosus
    Description
    The dryad's saddle is a large, fleshy, scaly, yellowish tan bracket fungus with large, yellowish white pores and a short stalk; it smells like watermelon rind. It grows singly or in layers, on living or dead deciduous wood.
  • Media
    Photo of eastern cauliflower mushroom, tan and white cauliflower-like mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Sparassis spathulata (S. herbstii)
    Description
    The eastern cauliflower mushroom is a large, stalkless, whitish yellow rosette with flattened, wavy, ribbonlike folds. It grows singly, at the bases of trees and often at the base of decayed oak stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of an elegant stinkhorn mushroom, a pink column covered with brown slime
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Mutinus elegans
    Description
    The elegant stinkhorn is a long, tapered, pinkish orange column with a greenish brown, smelly slime covering the top and a white cup around the base. It grows on leafy debris, mulch piles, and rotting wood.
  • Media
    Photo of many tan fairy ring mushrooms, some uprooted, growing in grass
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Marasmius oreades
    Description
    The fairy ring mushroom has a tan to reddish brown, knobbed cap with off-white gills. It grows in grassy areas, lawns, meadows, often in circles called fairy rings.
  • Media
    Photo of a fawn mushroom, which is a brownish gray, gilled, capped mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Pluteus atricapillus (formerly P. cervinus)
    Description
    The fawn mushroom has a brownish gray cap with whitish to pinkish gills and a whitish stalk. It grows singly or scattered, on dead wood or on the ground over buried wood.
  • Media
    Photo of two Frost's boletes, red mushrooms with pores, at different angles
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Boletus frostii
    Description
    Frost’s bolete has a blood red cap with red pores and a red, webbed stalk; all parts bruise blue. It grows scattered on the ground in oak woods.
  • Media
    Photograph of cluster of mature gem-studded puffball mushrooms
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Lycoperdon perlatum
    Description
    The gem-studded puffball is a white, rounded to turban-shaped ball, densely covered with spiny warts, developing a pore at the top. It grows on the ground in open woods, along roads, in waste areas.
  • Media
    puffball mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Calvatia gigantea (Langermannia gigantea)
    Description
    The giant puffball is a huge, white, smooth ball with a completely white interior that becomes yellowish green with age. It grows in open pastures, woods, and lawns.
  • Media
    Photo of green cracking russula, greenish-capped, gilled mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Russula virescens
    Description
    Green cracking russula has a cap with a greenish, cracked, mosaic-like top, and cream-colored gills. It grows singly or in groups in mixed woods.
  • Media
    Photograph of a half-free morel mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Morchella punctipes (formerly M. semilibera)
    Description
    The half-free morel is an excellent edible mushroom. It's completely hollow. It has a honeycombed cap with brownish black ridges and yellowish brown pits. The bottom half hangs free from the whitish stalk.
  • Media
    Photo of three hedgehog mushrooms, two show tan cap, third shows teeth under cap
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Hydnum repandum (Dentinum repandum)
    Description
    The hedgehog mushroom has an irregularly shaped, dull orangish tan cap, with spines or "teeth" on its underside. It grows on the ground in mixed woods.
  • Media
    Photo of hen of the woods, large round mass of grayish mushrooms
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Grifola frondosa
    Description
    Looking like a ruffled chicken, the edible hen of the woods mushroom grows like large circular bouquet of spoon-shaped caps, each grayish brown on top and white beneath, emerging from a branching, whitish base. It grows on the ground at the base of oak trees.
  • Media
    Photograph of several hexagonal-pored polypores, tan bracket fungi
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Polyporus alveolaris (formerly Favolus alveolaris)
    Description
    This polypore is an orange to tan, fan-shaped bracket that is scaly on top; the underside has rows of white, six-sided, radially arranged pores. It grows singly or in groups on dead branches of deciduous trees.
  • Media
    Photo of young, yellow-phase honey mushrooms.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Armillaria mellea
    Description
    The honey mushroom has a honey-colored, sticky cap with black hairs over the center, and a stalk with a whitish ring. It grows in clusters at the bases of trees or stumps, especially oaks, and over buried wood.
  • Media
    Photo of indigo milky, bluish gilled mushroom, with cuts bleeding blue sap
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Lactarius indigo
    Description
    Entire mushroom bluish, bleeding blue; then greenish, bruising greenish. The indigo milky grows scattered or in groups on soil in oak and pine woods.
  • Media
    Photo of ling chih, a shiny, hard, rust-colored bracket fungus, growing on tree
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Ganoderma sessile (formerly G. lucidum)
    Description
    The ling chih is a hard, usually flat, zoned bracket fungus with a reddish brown, shiny top. It grows at the base of living and dead deciduous trees, and also around stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of two meadow mushrooms, at different angles, white with pinkish tan gills
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Agaricus campestris
    Description
    The meadow mushroom has a smooth white to light grayish cap and pinkish brown gills. It's found in lawns and other grassy areas.
  • Media
    Photo of mica cap cluster, bell-shaped, brown, capped mushrooms
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Coprinellus micaceus (formerly Coprinus micaceus)
    Description
    The mica cap has a bell-shaped, tawny brown, radially lined cap and inky gills. It grows in clusters around stumps or on wood debris.
  • Media
    Photo of common morels growing on forest floor
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Morchella species
    Description
    Favorites among Missouri wild edibles, true morels only appear in the spring. They're very hard to see, but that's part of the fun of hunting them. Learn to identify them, and you can enjoy the hunt, too.
  • Media
    Photo of an old man of the woods, a grayish, pored mushroom with a shaggy cap
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Strobilomyces floccopus
    Description
    The old man of the woods has a grayish black, shaggy cap with grayish pores and a grayish black, shaggy stalk. It usually grows singly, on the ground in mixed hardwood forests.
  • Media
    Photo of pale chicken of the woods.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Laetiporus cincinnatus
    Description
    Pale chicken of the woods has layered, fan-shaped, fleshy caps that are orange to pinkish orange on top and white below. This edible fungus grows in overlapping clusters or rosettes on stumps, trunks, and logs of dead or dying deciduous trees, and on living trees and buried roots.
  • Media
    Photo of two pallid boletes, tan mushrooms, one upturned to show pores under cap
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Boletus pallidus
    Description
    The pallid bolete has a pale cream to buff cap and stalk and pale cream-yellow pores. It grows singly or in groups of up to several, on the ground in oak woods.
  • Media
    Photo of a parasol mushroom.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Macrolepiota procera (Lepiota procera)
    Description
    The parasol is very tall, with a cap that is buff to brown, broad, scaly, with a knob in center; there is a moveable ring on stalk. It grows scattered on the ground, along trails, in open woods, and in old pastures.
  • Media
    Photo of many crowded pear-shaped puffballs growing on a stump.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Lycoperdon pyriforme (Morganella pyriformis)
    Description
    This is a pear-shaped, yellowish brownish puffball with a pore at the top. Pear-shaped puffballs typically grow in large clusters on decaying wood, logs, and stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of 2 peppery milkies, white, gilled mushrooms, on ground
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Lactarius piperatus
    Description
    The peppery milky has a white cap with densely crowded gills. It bleeds white and has a spicy-hot taste. It grows scattered in deciduous woods.
  • Media
    Photo of several purple-gilled laccarias, tan-lavender mushrooms
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Laccaria ochropurpurea
    Description
    The purple-gilled laccaria has a large, tannish lavender cap with thick, purplish gills and a stout stalk. It grows scattered or in groups in grassy areas and under hardwoods and conifers.
  • Media
    Photo of an aging Ravenel's stinkhorn, a column-shaped fungus with dark spores
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Phallus ravenelii
    Description
    Ravenel's stinkhorn is a long, whitish column with a greenish, smelly slime covering the top, and a whitish or pinkish cup around the base. It grows on wood debris, mulch, rotted stumps, and sawdust, and in deciduous woods.
  • Media
    Photo of several reddening lepiota mushrooms, one showing gills and stem ring.
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Leucoagaricus americanus (Lepiota americana)
    Description
    The reddening lepiota is a large, reddish brown mushroom with a scaly cap and a ring on the stalk; it bruises dark red. It grows singly or in clusters in mulch piles, waste areas, and around stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of resinous polypore, a bracket fungus with rust-colored top
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Ischnoderma resinosum
    Description
    The resinous polypore is a large, thick, velvety, brownish bracket fungus with a thick margin and whitish pores. It grows on logs and stumps of deciduous trees.
  • Media
    Photo of young, golden cluster of ringless honey mushrooms on forest floor
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Armillaria tabescens (Armillariella tabescens)
    Description
    The ringless honey mushroom is honey-colored, with a dry, scaly cap, and lacks a ring on the stalk. It grows in clusters at the bases of trees or stumps, especially of oaks, and over buried wood.
  • Media
    Photo of rooted collybia, tan, thin-stalked gilled mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Xerula furfuracea (Collybia radicata var. furfuracea)
    Description
    The rooted collybia has a moist, wrinkled, grayish brown flat cap and a long, slender stalk that continues underground. It grows singly or scattered on and around deciduous trees and stumps.
  • Media
    Photo of scarlet waxy cap, a small mushroom with reddish conical cap
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Hygrocybe coccinea (Hygrophorous coccineus)
    Description
    The scarlet waxy cap has a scarlet, moist cap, with a stem colored like the cap (or a little more orange). It grows on the ground in mixed woods.
  • Media
    Photo of shaggy mane cluster, rounded cylindrical mushrooms growing in grass
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Coprinus comatus
    Description
    The shaggy mane has a white, shaggy, cylindrical cap that turns black and inky. It often grows in large numbers along roadsides and in lawns and disturbed areas.
  • Media
    Image of smooth chanterelle
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Cantharellaceae (various members of family)
    Description
    Chanterelles are funnel- or trumpet-shaped and have wavy cap edges. Most are bright orange or yellow, although one, the black trumpet, is brownish black.
  • Media
    Photo of a cinnabar chanterelle, vase-shaped red-orange mushroom
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Cantharellus cinnabarinus
    Description
    The cinnabar chanterelle is a small, reddish orange, vase-shaped mushroom with forked ridges on the underside that descend the stalk. It grows in the soil.
  • Media
    Photo of golden chanterelles, yellow and white vase-shaped mushrooms
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Cantharellus cibarius
    Description
    Golden chanterelles have a bright orange to yellow cap with wavy margins; beneath, they're orange-yellow, with forked ridges (not true gills) descending the stalk. They grow in soil.
  • Media
    Photo of oyster mushrooms growing on a tree trunk
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Pleurotus ostreatus and P. pulmonarius
    Description
    Oyster mushrooms are choice edibles with broad, fleshy, whitish, grayish, or tan caps and a stubby, off-center stalk. They grow clustered on stumps, logs, and trunks.
  • Media
    Photo of lobster mushroom, which is orange-yellow and finely bumpy
    Species Types
    Scientific Name
    Hypomyces lactifluorum
    Description
    In a lobster mushroom, the cap, gills, and stalk of a host mushroom are covered by a finely bumpy, vivid orange to orange-red layer of mold. The gills of the host mushroom can be entirely obscured by the parasite.