Content tagged with "Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines"

Photo of pondberry showing bark, red berries, leaves


Lindera melissifolia
Also called southern spicebush, this colony-forming shrub grows in swampy depressions in lowland forests. It is an Endangered species. In Missouri, only one population occurs, in southern Ripley County.

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Possum Haw

Ilex decidua
Possum haw is the more common of two native Missouri hollies that lose their leaves each fall. This shrub or small tree is eye-catching in the fall and winter when the bright red berries persist on the gray and brown branches and twigs.

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Image of a post oak leaf

Post Oak

Quercus stellata
True to its name, post oak has long been favored for fence posts and played an important historic role in the success of American pioneers. This tree, which has distinctive cross- or ghost-shaped leaves, is found in rocky upland woodlands and in flatwoods on broad ridges.

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Prairie Crab Apple

Malus ioensis
An attractive, small, ornamental tree with low, crooked branches and attractive spring flowers. Its hard, bitter fruits can be used in making tasty jellies, cider and vinegar.

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Photo of prairie rose blossom closeup showing pink petals and man yellow stamens

Prairie Rose (Climbing Rose)

Rosa setigera
“Climbing rose” is the better of the two common names for this native shrub or woody vine: It is most common near woodlands, where it climbs and trails on neighboring shrubs and small trees.

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red buckeye

Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia
Red buckeye and Ohio buckeye are both found in Missouri. You can distinguish red buckeye by its having usually 5 leaflets (not 7), its red (not greenish-yellow) flowers, and the absence of any spines on its fruit hulls. Although both buckeyes are cultivated statewide, red buckeye grows in the wild only in our southeastern counties.

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red maple

Red Maple

Acer rubrum
Red maple is one of our most useful—and beautiful!—native trees, and you can find it in the woods as well as in landscape plantings statewide. Many horticultural varieties are available at nurseries.

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Photo of red mulberry leaves

Red Mulberry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry is native to Missouri and North America. You may be wondering how it differs from the introduced white mulberry tree, which is considered a noxious weed. You can begin to tell them apart by examining the leaves and the fruits.

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river birch

River Birch

Betula nigra
A native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark, river birch is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in moist places in yards and along streams and ponds.

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rough-leaved dogwood

Rough-Leaved Dogwood

Cornus drummondii
This thicket-forming dogwood is one of the hardiest of Missouri shrubs, capable of withstanding cold and drought. The leaves of this species emit a faint odor of sour milk.

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