Discover Nature NotesMore posts

Toad or Frog?

Feb 22, 2019

Revised Date

Feb 24, 2019

Click through the Media Gallery below to see which picture is a toad and which is a frog.

Between 15 and 20 types of toads and frogs live in the Midwest. They may look similar but there are ways to tell them apart.

Toads have dry, rough skin while frogs have smooth skin and feel moist. Toads have short hind legs, perfect for hopping. Frogs have large, powerful hind legs and can jump a long way in a leap. Toads have little to no webbing in their feet while frogs have a lot between their toes for a powerful swimming stroke. And toads have no teeth while frogs have sandpaper like teeth for snagging insects. Both eat vast numbers of insects.

Male toads and frogs have distinct breeding calls. These chirps, croaks, trills and peeps fill the night air in spring and early summer.

What Toads and Frogs have in Common

  • Toads and frogs are amphibians, a class of vertebrate animals that also includes salamanders. Toads and frogs differ from salamanders, however, by having relatively short bodies and lacking tails at adulthood.
  • Being an amphibian means that toads and frogs live two lives: an aquatic larval or tad-pole stage, and a semi-aquatic or terrestrial adult stage. Of the 6,145 species of amphibians currently recognized in the world, there are approximately 4,145 species of toads and frogs.
  • All Missouri toads and frogs must return to a body of water to reproduce.
  • Toads and frogs defend themselves in several ways. Their predators include fish, turtles, snakes, birds and carnivorous mammals-shrews, mink, skunks and raccoons.
  • The toads and frogs native to Missouri are a valuable part of our outdoor heritage. Most people probably do not give them much thought, but we need these amphibians to control destructive insects and to add their voices to the sounds of spring and summer nights.

For more on toads and frogs, check out this publication from MDC.

Frog and Toad_1392x1080_00000.jpg

Toad or Frog?
Toad or Frog?
Which is a toad and which a frog?

Froggin' - Discover Nature (KRCG)

Discover Frog Fishing
Discover Frog Fishing

american_toad.jpg

American toad
American Toad

north_crawfish_frog.jpg

northern crawfish frog
Northern Crawfish Frog

green_tree_frog41.jpg

green treefrog
Green Treefrog

Comments

Today while working outside, I thought about when we had had termites. I’m wondering if termites hibernate in the winter time?

Recent Posts

wild trout on barbecue grill

Better Outdoors Cooking

Aug 18, 2019

Whether you're camping or cooking out in a park or backyard, food always tastes better outdoors.  Discover tips and recipes from MDC's Campfire cooks in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Smokey 75 Year_1944 Advertising Image

Happy Birthday Smokey Bear

Aug 09, 2019

Happy 75th Birthday Smokey Bear! Our beloved American icon has been protecting our lands from wildfires since 1944. Discover who shares his birthday and how "Only You Can Prevent Wildfires" in this week's Discover Nature Note.

red milkweed beetle

The Sincerest Form of Survival

Aug 04, 2019

Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery, but for wildlife, it can up the odds for survival. Mimicry is used for defense, attack, and camouflage in the wild. See how it's done in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Field Guide

Discovering nature from A-Z is one click away

Recipes

You had fun hunting, catching or gathering your quarry—now have more fun cooking and eating it.
Check out the recipes