MOre QuailMore posts

Simple Steps to Refresh Your Winter Cover

Mar 09, 2015

As the recent cold winter weather across much of Missouri has had many of us rushing for the warmer cover of our houses, offices, and vehicles, so too do the wildlife that are out searching for quality habitat to escape from the extreme temperatures and snowfall - especially when the temperatures drop to near zero. So as you are out and about this early spring on your favorite tract of land take a look at your existing habitat conditions and see just what you can add or improve on to provide additional quick and easy wildlife habitat that not only helps quail, but also rabbits and many other wildlife species. Just like us, they are in need of good quality shelter and cover from weather extremes.  Additionally, this also provides excellent escape cover for them during this especially vulnerable time of year as they are exposed to a wide variety of predators that are also out looking for a quick energy producing meal.

Implementing some edge feathering, also known as "Chop and Drop" cuttings, will form a network of cover over the area you are managing and effectively create a transition zone of quality habitat conditions for many upland wildlife species.  Concentrate on cutting a few of your less desirable trees along agricultural field edges or in old grassy field edges, allowing those tree branches to loosely fall where they drop. This simple task can be done this time of year to create some additional habitat areas where needed or to refresh older areas of habitat that have lost some of their cover value for wildlife due to the decay and breakdown of the existing cover over time. When you look at those areas closely you will many times see they need to be refreshed in order to maximize their value for wildlife. I recently have had several landowners use this refresh technique on several old areas they manage and they have seen some excellent results and an increased usage of those refreshed areas by a wide variety of wildlife. Both quail and rabbits moved back into those older cover areas in only a couple weeks of time (or less) after the refreshed habitat work was completed. It is always great to see some results of your recent habitat work, even if it is just an afternoon or a few hours of time spent with your chainsaw while you are out re-evaluating your favorite tract of land this early spring for quality wildlife habitat improvements that you can make with just a few simple steps.

For more detailed information on creating this type of easy habitat discussed above for quail, rabbits and other wildlife, be sure to look thru several of the past MOre Quail blog posts or check out a recent publication on the Ecology and Management of Cottontail Rabbits in Missouri.

About the author: Through an agreement between the Quail and Upland Wildlife Federation (QUWF) and Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC), Nick Prough serves as the Wildlife Partnership Coordinator for Missouri and Chief Wildlife Biologist for QUWF.  Before working for QUWF, Nick worked for MDC for over 11 years, 8 of those as a Private Land Conservationist in the Kansas City Region.

Don't miss any new posts! Follow the MOre Quail Blog on our RSS feed or get updates by email.


Edge feathering
Edge feathering - Chop and Drop 01
Chop and Drop, or edge feathering, can be used to create newly established habitat cover or to refresh existing cover that needs improvement.


Edge feathering
Edge feathering - Chop and Drop 02


I have found that downed cedars are pretty good quail headquarters. I cut them if they are above 5' tall. The shorter ones are usually handled by burn. I am cutting bigger (6" to 18") honey locusts about 4' off the ground and just laying them over for a headquarters. I am curious what others are doing with them besides burning them. Hard work but its been paying off.

Thanks Jason, yes edgefeathering and chop and drop can both be effective by using cedar trees. I generally recommend finding an area that is mixed with hardwoods for a wider variety of downed structure but if that is all you have available then that is all you have to work with. It is still going to provide some good cover as you drop them for wildlife. Additionally remember cut cedars wont resprout from the cut stump so you don't have to treat the stumps chemically. Nick

Is edge feathering affective if it's all cedar trees? Worried I'll just have more cedars

Recent Posts

young eastern cottontail rabbit

Cavorting Cottontails

Aug 10, 2020

Look for cottontail rabbits cavorting on summer evenings. Learn more in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Great Golden Digger Wasp

Great Golden Digger Wasps: Scary Good

Aug 02, 2020

Discover WHY you want this wasp around and HOW scary good Great Golden Diggers are in this week's Discover Nature Note.

American Badger

Brawny Badgers

Jul 26, 2020

The American Badger is built for digging. And equally fierce on both offense and defense. Dig them in this week's Discover Nature Note.