Discover Nature NotesMore posts

Toad or Frog?

Feb 22, 2019

Revised Date

Feb 24, 2019

Click through the Media Gallery below to see which picture is a toad and which is a frog.

Between 15 and 20 types of toads and frogs live in the Midwest. They may look similar but there are ways to tell them apart.

Toads have dry, rough skin while frogs have smooth skin and feel moist. Toads have short hind legs, perfect for hopping. Frogs have large, powerful hind legs and can jump a long way in a leap. Toads have little to no webbing in their feet while frogs have a lot between their toes for a powerful swimming stroke. And toads have no teeth while frogs have sandpaper like teeth for snagging insects. Both eat vast numbers of insects.

Male toads and frogs have distinct breeding calls. These chirps, croaks, trills and peeps fill the night air in spring and early summer.

What Toads and Frogs have in Common

  • Toads and frogs are amphibians, a class of vertebrate animals that also includes salamanders. Toads and frogs differ from salamanders, however, by having relatively short bodies and lacking tails at adulthood.
  • Being an amphibian means that toads and frogs live two lives: an aquatic larval or tad-pole stage, and a semi-aquatic or terrestrial adult stage. Of the 6,145 species of amphibians currently recognized in the world, there are approximately 4,145 species of toads and frogs.
  • All Missouri toads and frogs must return to a body of water to reproduce.
  • Toads and frogs defend themselves in several ways. Their predators include fish, turtles, snakes, birds and carnivorous mammals-shrews, mink, skunks and raccoons.
  • The toads and frogs native to Missouri are a valuable part of our outdoor heritage. Most people probably do not give them much thought, but we need these amphibians to control destructive insects and to add their voices to the sounds of spring and summer nights.

For more on toads and frogs, check out this publication from MDC.

Frog and Toad_1392x1080_00000.jpg

Toad or Frog?
Toad or Frog?
Which is a toad and which a frog?

Froggin' - Discover Nature (KRCG)

Discover Frog Fishing
Discover Frog Fishing

american_toad.jpg

American toad
American Toad

north_crawfish_frog.jpg

northern crawfish frog
Northern Crawfish Frog

green_tree_frog41.jpg

green treefrog
Green Treefrog

Comments

Today while working outside, I thought about when we had had termites. I’m wondering if termites hibernate in the winter time?

Recent Posts

gray tree frog calling

Amphibian Noisemakers

May 19, 2019

Discover the musical stylings and skills of Acris crepitans and Hyla versicolor, more commonly known as cricket frogs and gray tree frogs. They provide an outdoor soundtrack suite while munching on pesky insects that are not so sweet. Learn more in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Opossums

Missouri's Marsupial Moms

May 12, 2019

These mammal moms are made for mobility. Opossums are the only marsupials in North America. Females have fur-lined front pouches to raise their large broods which are born blind and hairless, weighing less than a dime.  Despite their scruffy looks, these scavengers are natural cleaners, gobbling up thousands of ticks and eating cockroaches, rats, mice, and more.  Check them out in this week's Discover Nature Note.

sweet bee on purple milkweed

The Buzz on Flowers

May 05, 2019

Flowers are a great way to show appreciation for Mother's Day. Discover how flowers came to be and how native plants help people and wildlife in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Field Guide

Discovering nature from A-Z is one click away

Recipes

You had fun hunting, catching or gathering your quarry—now have more fun cooking and eating it.
Check out the recipes