Discover Nature NotesMore posts

Groundhogs and their Day

Jan 29, 2018

On February 2, people watch to see if groundhogs, those furry weather forecasters of February, will see their shadow. There's so much more to know about this famous animal than having a special day dedicated to its shadow.

Also known as woodchucks, groundhogs spend the cold months in an underground burrow, hibernating winter away. They are often seen waddling along in summer and early fall gorging on plants before their winter's nap. Groundhogs are stout animals with strong legs built for digging. They are expert homebuilders that can sometimes complete a burrow in a single day.

Groundhogs are covered with a grizzly brown fur. They're one to two feet long, weighing up to 14 pounds. They are heaviest in the fall just before hibernation and awaken skinny in the spring, sometimes at half their fall weight.

Watch for a groundhog's winter den in a wooded or brushy area. Here they'll build a complex tunnel system, complete with nest, front door and side entrances. By early November most groundhogs are already hibernating. Only after an uncommonly warm spell will a groundhog awaken and crawl out of its burrow. In this area, groundhogs begin emerging in February. Contrary to popular belief, they come out looking for plant growth rather than their shadows.

Get To Know The Groundhog:

  • The woodchuck's importance as a builder of homes for other animals is significant; skunks, foxes, weasels, opossums and rabbits all use woodchuck burrows for their dens.
  • When alarmed or suddenly disturbed, they can give a loud, shrill whistle sound.
  • The woodchuck is almost a complete vegetarian, eating leaves, flowers, grass stems, field crops and many kinds of wild herbs.
  • They're found statewide, but rare in the Mississippi Lowlands, where the water table is so high that denning sites are limited.
  • Woodchucks formerly were trapped for their fur, which was used for coats.

Discover more about groundhogs in the MDC Field Guide.

Watch the video below to learn the answer to "How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?"

Groundhog weather cartoon.jpg

Groundhog weather cartoon
Groundhog weather cartoon

MO Dept of Conservation-2015-February-Week1-Groundhogs-MODC1502-LF01-BBJG.mp3

Discover Nature Notes Radio
Hear about our famous weather forecaster and expert home builder.

Groundhog Day Explained

Find out how much wood a woodchuck could chuck
Find out how much wood a woodchuck could chuck

groundhog.jpg

A groundhog stands on its hind legs to look around its surroundings.
Groundhog
In summer, groundhogs stuff their furry faces with plants to fatten up for winter.

Recent Posts

american tree sparrow

Winter Sparrows

Dec 09, 2018

WINTER SPARROWS:  They're all around us in winter, eat cheap, and frequently feed on the ground.  Sparrows are small birds with thick bills for cracking seeds.  Sparrows are mostly brown but some have showy accents like yellow eyebrows, red caps, and white mohawks.  Discover how sparrows can lively-up your backyard in the dead of winter, and hear their calls and chirps in this week's Discover Nature Notes blog.

Eastern red cedar tree berries

Missouri's Spicy Evergreen

Dec 02, 2018

MISSOURI'S SPICY EVERGREEN: Its aromatic wood is used for chests and closets, its oils for soaps and gin, and its high-energy berries feed hungry birds. Meet the Eastern red cedar. A shapely, spicy evergreen that is Missouri's most common and a yuletide favorite for people and wildlife. Red cedar branches provide greenery during winter and protect deer and rabbits from the wind. Learn more fun facts about red cedar trees in this week's Discover Nature Note.

Eastern bluebird on a branch

Christmas Bird Counts

Nov 25, 2018

CHRISTMAS BIRD COUNT:  Try a new outdoor adventure by joining an old holiday tradition.  Several Missouri counties have openings where you can be part of Audubon's annual Christmas Bird Count, the longest-running, citizen-science effort in the U.S.  Each count takes place on a single day between December 14, and January 5, from before sunrise to after sunset.  New birders are often paired with experienced counters.  Many groups enjoy a warm meal together after the count.  Learn how you can help birds by counting them in this week's Discover Nature Notes blog.

Archive

Field Guide

Discovering nature from A-Z is one click away

Recipes

You had fun hunting, catching or gathering your quarry—now have more fun cooking and eating it.
Check out the recipes