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Table Bc04: Mussels and snails of the White River watershed

Mussels and snails of the White River watershed.
Scientific name Genus species Common name MO* status AR** status
Actinonaias ligamentina carinata Mucket A D
Alasmidonta viridis Slippershell mussel A  
Amblema plicata Threeridge A, B2 D
Antrobia culveri Tumbling Creek cavesnail C  
Campeloma subsolidum Highland campeloma   D
Cyclonaias tuberculata Purple wartyback A D
Cyprogenia aberti Western fanshell A D
Elimia potosiensis Pyramid elimia C D
Ellipsaria lineolata Butterfly A  
Elliptio crassidens Elephant ear A  
Elliptio dilatata Spike A D
Epioblasma florentina curtisi Curtis pearlymussel A  
Ferrissia rivularis Creeping ancylid   D
Fusconaia flava Wabash pigtoe A D
Fusconaia ozarkensis Ozark pigtoe A, B D
Fusconaia ebena Ebonyshell A  
Helisoma trivolvis Marsh ramshorn C D
Laevapex sp.     D
Lampsilis reeviana brevicula Ozark broken-ray A, B D
Lampsilis reeviana reeviana Arkansas broken-ray   D
Lampsilis cardium Plain pocketbook A, B D
Lampsilis siliquoidia Fatmucket A, B1 D
Lampsilis rafinesqueana Neosho mucket A  
Lampsilis teres Yellow sandshell A  
Lampsilis abrupta Pink mucket A  
Lasmigona costata Fluted-shell A D
Leptodea fragilis Fragile papershell B2 D
Leptodea leptodon Scaleshell A  
Ligumia subrostrata Pondmussel   D
Ligumia recta Black sandshell A D
Lymnaea (Fossaria) modicella Rock fossaria C  
Obliquaria reflexa Threehorn wartyback A  
Obovaria olivaria Hickorynut A  
Physa (Physella) heterostropha Pewter physa C  
Physa (Physella) gyrina Tadpole physa C D
Physa (Physodon) anatina Duck physa C  
Pleurobema sintoxia Round pigtoe A D
Pleurobema cordatum Ohio pigtoe   D
Pleurocera acuta Sharp hornsnail C  
Pomatiopsis lapidaria Slender walker C  
Potamilus purpuratus Bleaufer A, B2 D
Ptychobranchus occidentalis Ouchita kidneyshell A, B D
Pyganodon grandis grandis Giant floater B1 D
Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica Rabbitsfoot A D
Quadrula pustulosa Pimpleback A  
Quadrula nodulata Wartyback A  
Somatogyrus sp. Pebblesnail   D
Sphaerium sp. Fingernail clam   D
Strophitus undulatus Squawfoot A, B D
Toxolasma parvus Lilliput A D
Toxolasma lividus Purple lilliput A, B D
Tritogonia verrucosa Pistol grip A D
Truncilla donaciformis Fawnsfoot A  
Truncilla truncata Deer-toe B2  
Uniomerus tetralasmus Pondhorn   D
Utterbackia imbecillis Paper pondshell A, B2 D
Venustaconcha pleasi Bleedingtooth mussel   D
Villosa iris Rainbow A, B  
Villosa lienosa Little spectaclecase A  

*A=collected prior to 1920, B=collected after 1981, C=collected in 1982

**D=all Arkansas collections were made between 1978 and 1981.

1=observations from divers in Table Rock Lake

2=observations by divers in Bull Shoals Lake.

Source: Oesch (1996), Buchanan (1996), Gordon (1980; 1982), Gordon, Oesch, and Wu (1997), Roberts, A., USFWS, pers. comm., and Barnhart, C., Southwest Missouri State University, pers. comm.

Key Messages: 

Conservation pays by enriching our economy and quality of life.

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