Hydrology

PRECIPITATION

The average annual rainfall is 43.86 inches (Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station 1995).

GAGING STATIONS

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has maintained gaging stations and water quality monitoring stations throughout the basin. The following list includes the gaging stations found in the basin with location and period of record listed (USGS 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995). Numbers 1-3, 10, and 11 are currently operating.

Gage sites:

  1. Spring River near Waco, located at lat. 37° 14'44", long. 94° 33'58", on the line between SE1/4 S7 and NE1/4 S18, T29N, R33W, in Jasper County on the downstream side of the left pier of a county highway bridge, 0.8 miles downstream from Blackberry Creek, 1.5 miles east of Waco, and 47.6 miles upstream from the mouth. Period of record, April 1924 to present.
  2. Center Creek below Carl Junction, located at lat. 37° 09'39", long. 94° 34'51", in NE1/4 SE1/4 SE1/4 S12, T28N, R33W, in Jasper County on the downstream end of the left bridge pier on state Highway JJ, 2.4 miles upstream from Spring River, and one mile southwest of Carl Junction. Period of record, April 1993 to present.
  3. Shoal Creek above Joplin, located at lat. 37° 01'23", long. 94° 30'58", in SE1/4 NE1/4 S34, T27N, R33W, in Newton County on the right bank 250 feet upstream from the mouth of Spring Creek, 1,400 feet downstream from the bridge on state Highway 86, 0.5 miles south of the city limits of Joplin, and 13.2 miles above the mouth. Period of record, October 1941 to present.
  4. Center Creek near Carterville, located at lat. 37° 08'26", long. 94° 22'57", in NW1/4 NW1/4 NW1/4 S24, T28N, R32W, in Jasper County on the downstream side of the right pier of the bridge on State Highway HH, 1.5 miles downstream from Grove Creek, 3.0 miles east of Carterville, and 17.0 miles above the mouth. Period of record, June 1962 to September 1991.
  5. Stahl Creek near Miller, located at lat. 37° 11'40", long. 93° 50'40", in SE1/4 S26, T29N, R27W, in Lawrence County, at the bridge on state Highway 39, 1.5 miles south of Miller,and 6.4 miles upstream from the confluence with the Spring River. Period of record, 1950-1976.
  6. Spring River at La Russell, located at lat. 37° 09'13", long. 94° 03'21", in SW1/4 SW1/4 S12, T28N, R29W, Lawrence and Jasper county line, on the right bank on the upstream side of Bower Mills bridge, 0.8 miles north of La Russell, and 2.5 miles upstream from Cave Spring Branch. Period of record, 1947-1981.
  7. Spring River at Carthage, located at lat. 37° 11'11", long. 94° 18'56", in N1/4 SW1/4 SE1/4 S33, T29N, R31W, on the downstream side of the second pier from left abutment of the Missouri Pacific Railroad bridge in Carthage, and 600 feet downstream from the U.S. Highway 71 bridge. Period of record, 1966-1980.
  8. Turkey Creek near Joplin, located at lat. 37° 07'15", long. 94 °34'55", in NE1/4 SE1/4 S25, T28N, R34W, at the downstream side of the right pier of the bridge on County Highway P, 15 miles upstream from the mouth, and 3 miles northwest of Joplin. Period of record, 1963-1972.

Water quality sites:

  1. Center Creek near Smithfield, located at lat. 37° 09'20", long. 94° 36'10", in NE1/4 SW1/4 NE1/4 S14, T28N, R34W, in Jasper County at the bridge on a county road, one mile south of Smithville, and one mile above the mouth. Period of record, October 1968 to July 1975; July 1977 to June 1989; April 1993 to August 1995.
  2. Spring River near Waco, located at lat. 37 °14'44", long. 94° 33'58", on the line between SE1/4 S7 and NE1/4 S18, T29N, R33W, in Jasper County on the downstream side of the left pier of the county highway bridge, 0.8 miles downstream from Blackberry Creek, 1.5 miles east of Waco, and 47.6 miles upstream from the mouth. Period of record, April 1924 to present.
  3. Shoal Creek above Joplin, located at lat. 37° 01'23", long. 94 °30'58", in SE1/4 NE1/4 S34, T27N, R33W, in Newton County on the right bank 250 feet upstream from the mouth of Spring Creek, 1,400 feet downstream from the bridge on state Highway 86, 0.5 miles south of the city limits of Joplin, and 13.2 miles above the mouth. Period of record, October 1941 to present.
  4. Center Creek near Carterville, located at lat. 37° 08'26", long. 94° 22'57", in NW1/4 NW1/4 NW1/4 S24, T28N, R32W, in Jasper County on the downstream side of the right pier of the bridge on state Highway HH, 1.5 miles downstream from Grove Creek, 3.0 miles east of Carterville, and 17.0 miles above the mouth. Period of record, June 1962 to September 1991.
  5. Spring River near Thayer, located at lat. 36° 30'10", long. 91° 31'31". Period of record, 1969-1975.
  6. Turkey Creek near Joplin, located at lat. 37° 07'15", long. 94 °34'55", in NE1/4 SE1/4 S25, T28N, R34W, at the downstream side of the right pier of the bridge on County Highway P, 15 miles upstream from the mouth, and 3 miles northwest of Joplin. Period of record, 1963-1972.
  7. Shoal Creek near Galena, Kansas, located at lat. 37° 02'31",long. 94° 38'34", in SW1/4 NE1/4 NW1/4 S35, T34S, R25E. Period of record, 1968-1975.

PERMANENT/INTERMITTENT STREAMS

There are many streams in the watershed which are intermittent for part or all of their reach. The total mileage for intermittent streams with permanent pools is 188 miles. The length of streams with permanent flow is 331 miles (Funk 1968). Mileages for intermittent streams with permanent pools are included in Table Hy01. Losing stream reaches are listed in Table Hy02.

STREAM FLOW

The peak discharge for the gages located on the Spring River at Waco, Center Creek below Carl Junction, and Shoal Creek above Joplin, occurs in May (USGS 1995). The average annual mean discharge for the Spring River location is 945 cubic feet per second (cfs). The highest annual mean for this gage was 3,093 cfs in 1993, and the lowest mean was 61.4 cfs recorded in 1954. The average annual mean discharge for the Center Creek location is 418 cfs, with the lowest mean of 328 cfs recorded in 1994. The highest annual mean for this location was 508 cfs in 1995. The average annual mean discharge for the Shoal Creek station is 431 cfs. The highest mean for this location was 1,221 cfs in 1993, and the lowest recorded annual mean was 77.8 cfs in 1954.

The 7-day Q2 and Q10 values represent the relative permanence of a stream. The 7-day low flow discharges, with recurrence intervals of two years (Q2) and ten years (Q10), for locations throughout the basin are found in Table Hy03.

DAMS AND HYDROPOWER INFLUENCES

There are three impoundments in the watershed with surface areas greater than 50 acres. Only one, the Joplin Water Supply Lake (Shoal Creek), impounds a major stream. Maximum water withdrawl at this site is 14 cfs, and the dam completely impounds the stream in periods of drought or low flow (MDNR 1984). Blackberry Hay Farm Lake impounds a portion of Pond Creek in Jasper County and is under private ownership. Lamar City Lake is used for Lamar city water supply and recreation. It is located in Barton County and impounds an unnamed tributary (MDNR 1984).

Table Hy01: Intermittent streams with permanent pools in the Spring River Basin

Intermittent streams with permanent pools in the Spring River Basin. More

Table Hy02: Losing stream reaches in the Spring River Basin

Losing stream reaches in the Spring River Basin. More

Table Hy03: Seven-day low flow discharges for the Spring River Basin

Seven-day low flow discharges with recurrence intervals of two years and ten years for the Spring River Basin. More
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