Hydrology

PRECIPITATION

The average annual precipitation is 40 inches, and average annual runoff is 12 inches.

GAGING STATIONS

Several United States Geological Survey (USGS) gaging stations have been operated throughout the basin (Figures 3A-D). Water quality monitoring has also been conducted by USGS at sites throughout the basin. The following list includes the gaging stations found in the basin with location and period of record listed (MDNR 1986; Castillon 1994; USGS 1987, 1989, 1994). Only numbers 2 (James River near Springfield), 4 (James River near Boaz), 5 (James River near Galena), and 7 (Wilson Creek near Brookline) are currently operating.

Gage sites:

  1. James River at lat. 37 12'11", long. 93 04'47", in SW¼NW¼NW¼ Sec. 24, T29N, R20W, at Greene County Highway YY bridge 4 miles south of Strafford and 1 mile downstream from Davis Creek. Period of record, 1973 to 1986.
  2. James River at lat. 37 09'00", long. 93 12'12", in SW¼SE¼SW¼ Sec. 2, T28N, R21W, at a Greene County bridge (Kinser Bridge) 2.5 miles southeast of Springfield and 1.1 miles downstream from Pearson Creek. Period of record, 1955 to current year. Prior to 1955, a non-recording gage was located at this site.
  3. James River at lat. 37 04'35", long. 93 22'15", in SW¼NW¼ Sec. 5, T27N, R22W, at Christian County road bridge (Nelson Mill Bridge) 2.5 miles southeast of Wilson Creek and 2 miles upstream from Wilson Creek. Period of record, August 1967 to September 1982; November 1983 to June 1987.
  4. James River at lat. 37 00'25", long. 93 21'50", in NE¼NE¼NW¼ Sec. 32, T27N, R22W, at Christian County road bridge (Frazier Bridge) 2 miles southeast of Boaz and 0.2 miles upstream of Turkey Hollow. Period of record, August 1967 to September 1982; November 1983 to June 1987; November 1992 to present.
  5. James River at lat. 36 48'19", long. 93 27'41", in SW¼SE¼SW¼ Sec. 6, T24N, R23W, in Stone County at State Highways 13 and 248 bridge in Galena, 0.7 miles from Railey Creek and 42.3 miles above mouth. Period of record, 1921 to current year. Prior to 1939, a non-recording gage was located at the site.
  6. Wilson Creek at lat. 37 11'35", long. 93 20'20", in NW¼SE¼ Sec. 28, T29N, R22W, 0.75 miles downstream from Jordan Creek and 2 miles southwest of Springfield. Period of record, 1932 to 1938.
  7. Wilson Creek near Brookline at lat. 37 9'7", long. 93 22'18", in NE¼SW¼SE¼ Sec. 7, T28N, R22W, in Greene County. Period of record, November 1993 to present year.
  8. Wilson Creek near Battlefield at lat. 37 07'2", long. 93 24'14", in SW¼NW¼ Sec. 24, T28N, R23W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1972 to 1982.
  9. Wilson Creek near Springfield at lat. 37 10'6", long. 93 22'14", in NE¼NE¼ Sec. 6, T28N, R22W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1972 to 1982.
  10. Wilson Creek below Springfield at lat. 37 09'2", long. 93 22'12", in SE¼NE¼NE¼ Sec. 7, T28N, R22W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1967 to 1970; 1970 to 1972.
  11. Tributary to James River at lat. 37 04'20", long. 93 13'05", in SW¼NE¼ Sec. 3, T27N, R21W, in Christian County on the left bank just upstream from a culvert under the old state Highway 65 bridge, 3.4 miles north of Ozark. Period of record, 1957 to 1965.
  12. James River at lat. 37 05'30", long. 93 21'25", in NE¼ Sec. 32, T28N, R22W, in Greene County at Blue Spring highway bridge, 1.6 miles southwest of Battlefield and 3 miles upstream from Wilson Creek. Period of record, 1926 to 1932.
  13. Finley Creek at Sec. 9, T27N, R20W, in Christian County at Highway 125, Lindenlure Dam. Period of record, 1969 to 1970; 1972.
  14. Finley Creek at Sec. 23, T27N, R21W, in Christian County, Ozark Dam. Period of record, 1946 to 1967; 1952; 1962 to 1967.

Water Quality Stations:

  1. James River near Nixa at lat. 37 06'13", long. 93 15'49", in SE¼NE¼ Sec. 30, T28N, R21W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1962 to 1963; 1965 to 1967.
  2. James River near Wilson Creek at lat. 37 04'35", long. 93 22'15", in SE¼NW¼ Sec. 5, T27N, R22W, in Christian County. Period of record, 1967 to 1982; 1983 to 1987.
  3. Wilson Creek near Battlefield at lat. 37 07'2", long. 93 24'14", in SW¼NW¼ Sec. 24, T28N, R23W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1972 to 1982.
  4. Wilson Creek near Springfield at lat. 37 10'6", long. 93 22'14", in NE¼NE¼ Sec. 6, T28N, R22W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1972 to 1982.
  5. Wilson Creek below Springfield at lat. 37 09'2", long. 93 22'12", in SE¼NE¼NE¼ Sec. 7, T28N, R22W, in Greene County. Period of record, 1967 to 1970; 1970 to 1972.
  6. Finley Creek at Riverdale at lat. 36 59'10", long. 93 17'40", in Christian County. Period of record, 1967 to 1975.

STREAM FLOW

The peak discharges for gages located on the James River at Springfield and Galena occur in May (USGS 1993). The annual mean discharge for the Springfield gage is 237 cfs. The highest annual mean (465 cfs) occurred in 1985, and the lowest (52.8 cfs) was recorded in 1956 (USGS 1993). The annual mean discharge at the Galena gage is 981 cfs. The highest annual mean (2,499 cfs) occurred in 1927, and the lowest occurred in 1954 with a value of 119 cfs (USGS 1993).

The 7-day Q2 and Q10 values describe the low flow conditions and reflect the relative permanence of streams throughout the basin. The 7-day Q2 and Q10 values for various locations are listed in Table Hy01.

PERMANENT/INTERMITTENT STREAMS

There are several streams in the basin which have intermittent status for all or portions of their length. The total mileage for intermittent streams with permanent pools is 74 miles. The length of streams with permanent flow in the basin is 289 miles (Funk 1968). Mileages for intermittent streams with permanent pools are included in Table Hy02. Losing stream reaches are listed in Table Hy03 and shown in Figures 4A-D.

DAMS AND HYDROPOWER INFLUENCES

Lake Springfield is the only large dam on the James River (Figure Lo01). It creates Lake Springfield (318 acres), a cooling water supply lake for a Springfield City Utilities coal-fired power plant. Table Rock Dam, on the White River near Branson, has also impounded a portion of the James River below Galena. These dams have altered flows of the James and White river systems. The influences of these dams include water temperature changes and limitations on fish migration.

There are also several smaller, privately owned, low dams in the basin which were used in the past for power production or to run grain mills. These dams include: Lindenlure Dam on Finley Creek at Missouri Highway 125, Ozark Dam on Finley Creek at Ozark, Riverdale Dam one mile east of Missouri Highway 160 on Finley Creek, Hurley Dam on Spring Creek in Hurley, Calton Mill Dam on Little Flat Creek east of Purdy, and McDowell Mill Dam on Flat Creek east of Purdy (Castillon 1994 and Castillon unpublished).

Table Hy01: Seven-day low flow discharges (cfs) in the James River Basin

Seven-day low flow discharges (cfs) in the James River Basin with recurrence intervals of two years (Q2) and ten years (Q10) More

Table Hy02: Intermittent streams with permanent pools in the James River Basin

Intermittent streams with permanent pools in the James River Basin More

Table Hy03: Losing stream reaches in the James River Basin

Losing stream reaches in the James River Basin More
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