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Photo of top of black-footed polypore mushroom showing smooth fan-shaped cap

Black-Footed Polypore (Top)

The black-footed polypore grows on wood. It has a wavy cap that is reddish to brownish, becoming darker with age; the texture is dry, smooth, tough, and leathery. The stalk is black, smooth, and off-center.

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Photo of black-footed polypore mushrooms, young specimens, with pore surface.

Black-Footed Polypore (Young Specimens)

Young black-footed polypores look surprisingly different from mature ones. As you’re learning about mushrooms, collect what you think are the same species more than once to get an accurate identification.

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Photo of black-staining polypore, tan fan-shaped rosette mushroom

Black-Staining Polypore

This fungus forms large circular clusters of many fleshy, grayish yellow, fan-shaped caps, which bruise black when cut or touched. It grows on the ground around deciduous trees, especially oaks.

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Photo of black-staining polypore, a mushroom with tan, wavy, fan-shaped caps

Black-Staining Polypore

This fungus grows in large circular clusters, on the ground around stumps of living deciduous trees, especially oaks. It feeds off of dead or dying trees, decomposing them and returning nutrients to the soil—an unglamorous but vital role in the ecosystem.

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Photo of blackberry lily showing open and spent flowers and developing fruits.

Blackberry Lily

Blackberry lily has leaves like an iris, flowers like an Asian lily, and seeds that look like blackberries! Introduced as an ornamental, this self-seeding member of the iris family occurs on bluffs, roadsides, and old homesites. It blooms July–August.

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Photo of blackberry lily flowers.

Blackberry Lily Flowers

In blackberry lily, the sepals and petals (together, the tepals) are very similar: spreading, orange, with crimson or brownish spots. You must look closely to see that the 3 petals are slightly shorter than the 3 sepals. Each flower remains open for only a single day. There are 3 stamens (true lilies, in the lily family, usually have 6).

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Photo of blackberry lily fruit stalk showing blackberry-like fruits.

Blackberry Lily Fruit Stalk

The dried fruiting stalks of black berry lily can be used in dried flower arrangements. The stalks reach 3, sometimes 4 feet high. Blackberry lily is a short-lived perennial. It readily self-seeds, however, and naturalized populations can endure for many years.

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