Nontoxic Shot Only Rule
Twenty-one conservation areas require nontoxic shot
Twenty-one Missouri conservation areas implemented a nontoxic-shot-only regulation for all hunting with a shotgun on March 1, 2007. These areas have larger wetland areas where sizeable numbers of waterfowl and shorebirds concentrate in the fall and spring.
Nontoxic shot is safer for wildlife and people
The nontoxic shot regulation will reduce the incidence of lead shot ingestion, which is often fatal to all invertebrates, including waterfowl, doves, and scavenging birds, such as eagles, that feed on waterfowl with lead shot in the carcass. Mounting evidence points to lead poisoning occurring in more than 134 species, including amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.
The nontoxic shot rule applies to all hunting with a shotgun including dove, turkey, quail, rabbit, and squirrel. Since 1991, waterfowl hunters in Missouri have used nontoxic shot for all duck, geese, and rail hunting.
Many of the 21 conservation areas included in the new nontoxic shot requirement offer good dove hunting, which can be a significant source of lead shot poisoning in birds. Good quality nontoxic shot shell alternatives for all gauges are available commercially at a reasonable cost. Modern steel and bismuth/tin shot shells are as effective as lead shot shells in killing birds.
Which areas carry the rule?
Use or possession of lead shot is prohibited for hunting on the following Department of Conservation areas beginning March 1, 2007:
- Bob Brown Conservation Area
- Black Island Conservation Area
- Columbia Bottom Conservation Area
- Cooley Lake Conservation Area
- Coon Island Conservation Area
- Duck Creek Conservation Area
- Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area
- Fountain Grove Conservation Area
- Four Rivers Conservation Area
- Grand Pass Conservation Area
- B. K. Leach Memorial Conservation Area
- Little Bean Marsh Conservation Area
- Little River Conservation Area
- Marais Temps Clair Conservation Area
- Montrose Conservation Area
- Nodaway Valley Conservation Area
- Otter Slough Conservation Area
- Schell-Osage Conservation Area
- Settle’s Ford Conservation Area
- Ted Shanks Conservation Area
- Ten Mile Pond Conservation Area
Which kinds of shot are nontoxic?
As of January 2014, shot types approved as being nontoxic by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are the following:
- Iron (steel)
- Tungsten-bronze (two types)