This is a stout, reddish-tan to dark brown crayfish with numerous blackish specks and blotches on the pincers, carapace, and abdomen. A narrow, crescent-shaped dark band extends across the rear margin of the carapace and onto the first abdominal segment. The first abdominal segment is usually flanked by a pair of small whitish spots. The woodland crayfish is easily distinguished from other similar species within its range by its brown coloration and blotched and speckled color pattern. It somewhat resembles the Ozark crayfish, but the two species do not occur in the same river basins (except for the introduced populations).