This is a stout, reddish-tan to dark brown crayfish with numerous blackish specks and blotches on the pincers, carapace and abdomen. A narrow crescent-shaped dark band extends across the carapace at its junction with the abdomen. A pair of whitish spots occur laterally on the first abdominal segment. The woodland crayfish is easily distinguished from other similar species within its range by its brown coloration and blotched and speckled color pattern. It somewhat resembles the Ozark crayfish (Orconectes ozarkae), but the two species do not occur in the same river basins (except for the introduced populations).