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Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of various duckweeds and watermeal on water surface

Duckweeds (Watermeal)

Lemna spp.; Spirodella spp.; Wolffia spp.
Duckweeds are the smallest of the flowering plants. They consist of tiny, green, round, leaflike bodies that float on the water’s surface. They are an important food for waterfowl.

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Photo of Dutchman's breeches plant with flowers

Dutchman’s Breeches

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman’s breeches, a common spring wildflower, is easy to identify. Note its bluish-green, fernlike leaves, and its leafless stalks, from which dangle several white flowers shaped like old-fashioned knee breeches.

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Photo of dwarf larkspur flowers with leaf

Dwarf Larkspur

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur is a single-stemmed perennial with an upright flower stalk bearing racemes of bluish-purple flowers. Like other larkspurs, there is a spurlike appendage behind each flower.

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Photo of dwarf spiderwort flower clusters

Dwarf Spiderwort (Wild Crocus)

Tradescantia longipes
Dwarf spiderwort is a low-growing perennial with bright magenta, purple, or purplish-blue flowers with three petals arranged in a triangular pattern. It blooms in Ozark woodlands in April and May.

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Photo of early buttercup plant with flower

Early Buttercup (Prairie Buttercup)

Ranunculus fascicularis
There are nearly 20 species in the genus Ranunculus in Missouri. Identify early buttercup by its early blooming time, its distinctively shaped, usually hairy leaves, and its preference for open woods, glades, or prairies.

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Photo of early saxifrage plant with flower

Early Saxifrage (Virginia Saxifrage)

Micranthes virginiensis (also called Saxifraga virginiensis)
The name "saxifrage" means "rock-breaker." The meaning of the name helps you remember the habitat of early saxifrage—rock outcroppings, ledges, glades, and bluffs. In Missouri, it blooms February through June.

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Photo of eastern prickly pear plant with flowers

Eastern Prickly Pear

Opuntia humifusa (formerly O. compressa)
Cacti make us think of the desert southwest, but there is at least one species native to Missouri. This prickly pear grows in glades, sand prairies, rocky open hillsides, and other dry, sun-soaked areas.

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Photo of eastern redbud blossoms

Eastern Redbud

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud is a native shrub or small tree that is distinctly ornamental in spring with small, clustered, rose-purple flowers covering the bare branches before the leaves.

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Photo of elephant's foot closeup of flowers

Elephant’s Foot

Elephantopus carolinianus
You may not recognize elephant’s foot as a member of the daisy or sunflower family because it lacks petal-like ray florets. Also, it has unusual, doubly compound flower clusters. And how did it get its name, anyway?

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Photo of English plantain flowers

English Plantain

Plantago lanceolata
"Pip, pip, and cheerio!" Many of our most common weeds traveled with European colonists "across the pond" and have done "smashingly well" over here! Like the common dandelion, English plantain should be familiar to every Missourian.

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