Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Common Golden Alexanders

Photo of common golden Alexanders plant with flowers
Zizia aurea
Named for its resemblance to a European herb that was popular in Medieval times, golden Alexanders is a native Missouri wildflower with bright yellow flowers arranged in umbrella-like clusters. More

Common Ground Cherry (Long-Leaved Groundcherry; Wild Tomatillo)

Photo of common ground cherry flower
Physalis longifolia
You’ve seen tomatillos in the grocery store, and you’ve probably enjoyed a delicious salsa verde at a Mexican restaurant. Common ground cherry is closely related to the tomatillo, and its fruits are edible, too. More

Common Jimsonweed (Thorn Apple)

Photo of common jimsonweed flower
Datura stramonium
Pretty but poisonous, jimsonweed has white goblet-shaped flowers that open around midnight. This native of tropical America was introduced nearly throughout the United States and thrives in disturbed soils. More

Common Ladies’ Tresses (Nodding Ladies’ Tresses)

Photo of common ladies' tresses, flower stalk with spiral flower arrangement
Spiranthes cernua
Of the seven species of ladies' tresses in Missouri, this is the most common. The flowers are arranged in a spiral pattern on the upright flowering stem. Each small flower is a little white orchid. More

Common Milkweed

Photo of common milkweed flower cluster
Asclepias syriaca
A wildflower common statewide, found in a variety of habitats, common milkweed is famous as a food plant for monarch butterflies. It is also notable for its curious seedpods bearing seeds that fly on silky parachutes. More

Common Reed

Photo of common reed plants in large colony
Phragmites australis australis
Common reed is both native and exotic, but it’s the exotic subspecies that has become an invasive problem. Taking over wetlands with its dense stands, it changes the plant and animal communities and even the way the water flows. More

Common St. John’s-Wort (Klamath Weed)

Photo of common St. John’s-wort flower with spent flowers and fruits
Hypericum perforatum
In Europe, St. John’s-wort was long used as a medicinal herb and to ward off evil magic. Today, researchers are finding it can treat depression. Yet it poisons livestock and in some places is an invasive weed. More

Common Sunflower

Photo of common sunflower
Helianthus annuus
Whether you see the wild form or any of the many cultivated varieties, this “poster child” of the sunflower family cultivates its own sunny impression. Common sunflower is also the state flower of Kansas. More

Common Violet

Photo of common violet
Viola sororia
There are nearly 20 species of violets in Missouri. This one, which can be violet, white, or white-and-violet, is found statewide in a variety of habitats. Note its heart-shaped or rounded, scalloped leaves, and (usually) the presence of hairs on stems and/or foliage. More

Common Water Hemlock (Spotted Cowbane)

Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers
Cicuta maculata
Full grown, water hemlock looks something like a gigantic Queen Anne's lace, but this common, widespread member of the carrot family is the most toxic plant in North America. All parts are deadly. A piece of root the size of a walnut can kill a cow-sized animal. More