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Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of common cinquefoil plants with flowers

Common Cinquefoil (Five-Finger)

Potentilla simplex
Common cinquefoil, or five-finger, is named for its leaves, which are divided into five fingerlike leaflets. One of seven cinquefoils in Missouri, it blooms from April to June and is scattered nearly statewide.

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Photo of common dayflower flower and buds.

Common Dayflower (Asiatic Dayflower)

Commelina communis
The flowers of dayflower are truly blue, and they have only two conspicuous petals. A fast-growing, sprawling, but shallow-rooted weed, this introduced species commonly annoys gardeners.

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Photo of common evening primrose, closeup of flowers.

Common Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis
True to its name, common evening primrose is the most common and widespread evening primrose in Missouri. It is most noticeable late in the season, when it reaches its greatest height and the flowers at the top are most visible.

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Photo of common gerardia plant with flowers

Common Gerardia (Slender Gerardia; Slender False Foxglove)

Agalinis tenuifolia (formerly Gerardia tenuifolia)
Common gerardia is a small, showy wildflower identified by its slender, opposite leaves and thin, wiry, branching stems. The small, funnel-shaped blossoms are pink or purple, with an upper lip that arches over the 4 hairy stamens.

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Photo of common golden Alexanders plant with flowers

Common Golden Alexanders

Zizia aurea
Named for its resemblance to a European herb that was popular in Medieval times, golden Alexanders is a native Missouri wildflower with bright yellow flowers arranged in umbrella-like clusters.

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Photo of common ground cherry flower

Common Ground Cherry (Long-Leaved Groundcherry; Wild Tomatillo)

Physalis longifolia
You’ve seen tomatillos in the grocery store, and you’ve probably enjoyed a delicious salsa verde at a Mexican restaurant. Common ground cherry is closely related to the tomatillo, and its fruits are edible, too.

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Photo of common horse gentian stalk showing opposite, perfoliate leaves.

Common Horse Gentian (Wild Coffee; Tinker’s Weed; Feverwort; Late Horse Gentian)

Triosteum perfoliatum
Even without its flowers, or its fruits that resemble miniature oranges, common horse gentian is notable for its opposite leaves, which are broadly fused together at the bases and almost appear as a single leaf with a stem going through it.

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Photo of common jimsonweed flower

Common Jimsonweed (Thorn Apple)

Datura stramonium
Pretty but poisonous, jimsonweed has white goblet-shaped flowers that open around midnight. This native of tropical America was introduced nearly throughout the United States and thrives in disturbed soils.

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Photo of common ladies' tresses, flower stalk with spiral flower arrangement

Common Ladies’ Tresses (Nodding Ladies’ Tresses)

Spiranthes cernua
Of the seven species of ladies' tresses in Missouri, this is the most common. The flowers are arranged in a spiral pattern on the upright flowering stem. Each small flower is a little white orchid.

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Photo of common milkweed flower cluster

Common Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
A wildflower common statewide, found in a variety of habitats, common milkweed is famous as a food plant for monarch butterflies. It is also notable for its curious seedpods bearing seeds that fly on silky parachutes.

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