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Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of hogwort plant showing upper stem leaves and flowers.

Hogwort (Woolly Croton)

Croton capitatus
Hogwort is fuzzy, densely covered with whitish hairs. A common but often overlooked plant in pastures, prairies, ditches, and roadsides, it’s usually less than 18 inches tall.

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Photo of horse nettle flowers and leaves

Horse Nettle

Solanum carolinense
Horse nettle is a native perennial with spiny stems and leaves, white to purplish flowers, and toxic fruits that look like tiny yellow tomatoes. It does well in disturbed habitats, and many people consider it a weed.

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Photo of horseweed flowers

Horseweed (Canada Fleabane, Hog Weed)

Conyza canadensis (formerly Erigeron canadensis)
Horseweed looks something like a goldenrod, except that the tiny composite flowers are not yellow. Instead, they are cream-colored and rather drab. In Missouri, this plant is especially associated with disturbed habitats and is a troublesome crop weed.

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Photo of a clump of hydrilla held in a hand

Hydrilla

Hydrilla verticillata
Hydrilla is probably the worst submersed aquatic weed in America. It harms aquatic communities in small ponds, lakes, and rivers. It hurts our economy by hindering fishing and other recreational uses in large reservoirs. Learn about it and prevent its spread.

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Photo of Indian hemp plant

Indian Hemp (Dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp is a shrubby, upright perennial with opposite branches and milky sap. This native plant can be a troublesome weed in crop fields and gardens, but Native Americans used its tough, fibrous stems for rope-making.

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Photo of Indian paintbrush flowers

Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja coccinea
The bright red of Indian paintbrush colors our native prairielands, reminding us (through its name) of the Osage, Kansa, Pawnee, and many other people who lived in these prairies before the pioneers.

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Photo of Indian physic plant showing flower and leaves.

Indian Physic (American Ipecac)

Gillenia stipulata
Indian physic, or American ipecac, is a leafy plant that can cover entire hills in the Ozarks. Native Americans used it as an emetic for internal cleansing, a widespread ceremonial custom.

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Photo of several Indian pipe plants with flowers, rising out of leaf litter.

Indian Pipe

Monotropa uniflora
Is that a wildflower, or a mushroom? Unlike most plants, Indian pipe lacks chlorophyll, so it is white, not green. Below ground, its roots join with fungi that connect to tree roots. This plant, then, takes nourishment indirectly from the trees.

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Photo of Indian strawberry plant with flower

Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)

Duchesnea indica (sometimes called Potentilla indica)
Indian strawberry is a weedy plant that looks a lot like strawberry, except its petals are yellow and its small, strawberry-like fruits lack juiciness and flavor.

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Photo of Jack-in-the-pulpit plant showing foliage and flowering structure

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
Preacher Jack in his “pulpit” is sheltered by the canopylike spathe, which is green with white and brown lengthwise markings. An unforgettable spring wildflower, Jack-in-the-pulpit is common throughout the state.

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