Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Hispid Buttercup (Bristly Buttercup; Swamp Buttercup)

Photo of hispid buttercup plant with flower
Ranunculus hispidus
“Hispid” is a term botanists use to describe plant hairs that are stiff, rigid, or bristly, which fits this densely hairy plant. Hispid buttercup has showy yellow flowers and is found mostly in the southern half of Missouri, usually in moist locations. More

Hoary Puccoon (Orange Puccoon)

Photo of hoary puccoon closeup of flower cluster
Lithospermum canescens
Hoary puccoon and other members of the borage family have a fascinating flower stalk. The small, tubular flowers arise on spirally condensed, terminal stalks that uncoil and elongate as more flowers open toward the tip. More

Horse Nettle

Photo of horse nettle flowers and leaves
Solanum carolinense
Horse nettle is a native perennial with spiny stems and leaves, white to purplish flowers, and toxic fruits that look like tiny yellow tomatoes. It does well in disturbed habitats, and many people consider it a weed. More

Horseweed (Canada Fleabane, Hog Weed)

Photo of horseweed flowers
Conyza canadensis (formerly Erigeron canadensis)
Horseweed looks something like a goldenrod, except that the tiny composite flowers are not yellow. Instead, they are cream-colored and rather drab. In Missouri, this plant is especially associated with disturbed habitats and is a troublesome crop weed. More


Photo of a clump of hydrilla held in a hand
Hydrilla verticillata
Hydrilla is probably the worst submersed aquatic weed in America. It harms aquatic communities in small ponds, lakes, and rivers. It hurts our economy by hindering fishing and other recreational uses in large reservoirs. Learn about it and prevent its spread. More

Indian Hemp (Dogbane)

Photo of Indian hemp plant
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp is a shrubby, upright perennial with opposite branches and milky sap. This native plant can be a troublesome weed in crop fields and gardens, but Native Americans used its tough, fibrous stems for rope-making. More

Indian Paintbrush

Photo of Indian paintbrush flowers
Castilleja coccinea
The bright red of Indian paintbrush colors our native prairielands, reminding us (through its name) of the Osage, Kansa, Pawnee, and many other people who lived in these prairies before the pioneers. More

Indian Physic (American Ipecac)

Gillenia stipulata
Indian physic, or American ipecac, is a leafy plant that can cover entire hills in the Ozarks. Native Americans used it as an emetic for internal cleansing, a widespread ceremonial custom. More

Indian Pipe

Photo of several Indian pipe plants with flowers, rising out of leaf litter.
Monotropa uniflora
Is that a wildflower, or a mushroom? Unlike most plants, Indian pipe lacks chlorophyll, so it is white, not green. Below ground, its roots join with fungi that connect to tree roots. This plant, then, takes nourishment indirectly from the trees. More

Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)

Photo of Indian strawberry plant with flower
Duchesnea indica (sometimes called Potentilla indica)
Indian strawberry is a weedy plant that looks a lot like strawberry, except its petals are yellow and its small, strawberry-like fruits lack juiciness and flavor. More