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Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of harbinger of spring flower clusters with coin to show size

Harbinger of Spring

Erigenia bulbosa
Heralding a new growing season, harbinger of spring can bloom as early as January in our state. You will probably have to look closely for its small clusters. But after a long winter, what a welcome sight they are!

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Photo of Harvey's buttercup plant with flowers

Harvey’s Buttercup

Ranunculus harveyi
A slender little buttercup growing in rocky, dry areas with acidic soils, Harvey’s buttercup occurs mostly in southern Missouri. One key to identify it is to examine the basal and stem leaves, which are quite different.

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Photo of hawthorn trees blooming on lawn of Missouri state capitol

Hawthorns

Various species in the genus Crataegus
Our state flower, the hawthorn, is solidly represented in Missouri. There are about 100 different kinds of hawthorns that occupy almost every kind of soil in every part of the state. These members of the rose family are closely related to apples.

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Photo of hedge bindweed flowers

Hedge Bindweed

Calystegia sepium (also Convolvulus sepium)
Instantly recognizable as a type of morning glory, hedge bindweed is common in disturbed habitats and can be a serious agricultural weed, but it is not as problematic as its relative field bindweed.

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Photo of hedge parsley flower clusters

Hedge Parsley (Field Hedge-Parsley)

Torilis arvensis
This introduced plant looks quite a bit like parsley. It was first collected in Missouri in 1909 and has become much more abundant in recent decades as it spreads along roadsides and railroads.

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Photo of henbit plants with flowers

Henbit

Lamium amplexicaule
Henbit always draws attention in early spring when it blasts entire fields with the pinkish-purple of its flowers. A non-native weed that spreads abundantly, it causes few problems because it has shallow roots and fades before crops begin to grow.

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Photo of hispid buttercup plant with flower

Hispid Buttercup (Bristly Buttercup; Swamp Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus
“Hispid” is a term botanists use to describe plant hairs that are stiff, rigid, or bristly, which fits this densely hairy plant. Hispid buttercup has showy yellow flowers and is found mostly in the southern half of Missouri, usually in moist locations.

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Photo of hoary puccoon closeup of flower cluster

Hoary Puccoon (Orange Puccoon)

Lithospermum canescens
Hoary puccoon and other members of the borage family have a fascinating flower stalk. The small, tubular flowers arise on spirally condensed, terminal stalks that uncoil and elongate as more flowers open toward the tip.

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Photo of hogwort plant showing upper stem leaves and flowers.

Hogwort (Woolly Croton)

Croton capitatus
Hogwort is fuzzy, densely covered with whitish hairs. A common but often overlooked plant in pastures, prairies, ditches, and roadsides, it’s usually less than 18 inches tall.

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Photo of horse nettle flowers and leaves

Horse Nettle

Solanum carolinense
Horse nettle is a native perennial with spiny stems and leaves, white to purplish flowers, and toxic fruits that look like tiny yellow tomatoes. It does well in disturbed habitats, and many people consider it a weed.

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