Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of field milkwort flowerheads.

Field Milkwort

Polygala sanguinea
The dense, cylindrical flower clusters of field milkwort are pink to white and, at first glance, look something like a clover head. This small annual wildflower is common in prairies, old fields, meadows, and glades.

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Picture of a patch of filamentous green algae floating in a stream.

Filamentous Green Algae (Moss; Pond Scum)

Cladophora, Pithophora, and Spirogyra spp., and others
Filamentous green algae forms green, cottony masses that are free-floating or attached to rocks, debris, or other plants.

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Photo of fire pink flowers

Fire Pink

Silene virginica
Fire pink is a low, clump-forming perennial with many slender, spreading stems that are sticky from glandular hairs, with open clusters of bright red flowers. This showy native Missouri plant is growing in popularity among home gardeners.

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Photo of Florida lettuce flower closeup with syrphid fly

Florida Lettuce (Woodland Lettuce)

Lactuca floridana
A true lettuce that can be eaten as a cooked or salad green, Florida lettuce has lavender to purplish blue flowers and grows statewide.

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Photo of flowering spurge flowers

Flowering Spurge

Euphorbia corollata
With widespread sprays of small white flowers, flowering spurge looks a lot like the "baby's breath" so popular with florists. Each little "flower" has 5 white "false petals" surrounding a cup of tiny yellow male flowers and a single female flower.

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Photo of Fremont’s leather flower

Fremont’s Leather Flower

Clematis fremontii
The only non-climbing clematis in the state, Fremont’s leather flower is a shrubby perennial with bell-shaped flowers. It grows on open glades in the eastern part of Missouri and in southwestern Missouri’s Ozark County.

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French Grass

Orbexilum onobrychis (formerly Psoralea onobrychis)
Looking absolutely nothing like a grass, French grass, a legume, bears upright spikes of pale purple flowers on long stems from the leaf axils. The leaves are trifoliate, resembling those of soybeans.

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Photo of garlic mustard plant with flowers

Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata
Because each plant disperses a large number of seeds, garlic mustard can outcompete native vegetation for light, moisture, nutrients, soil, and space as it quickly colonizes an area.

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Photo of a geocarpon plant showing stems and foliage

Geocarpon (Earth Fruit; Tiny Tim)

Geocarpon minimum
Geocarpon is a minute, inconspicuous plant found almost exclusively on sandstone glade outcrops. Extremely rare, it is a Species of Conservation Concern. It is related to carnations! Efforts are being made to keep this unique plant from disappearing from our state.

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Photo of a giant ragweed plant.

Giant Ragweed (Horse Weed; Great Ragweed; Buffalo Weed)

Ambrosia trifida
Large stands of wind-pollinated giant ragweed commonly form in disturbed areas, causing late-summer misery in the form of hay fever for many Missourians.

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