Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Adam and Eve Orchid (Putty Root)

Photo of Adam and Eve orchid flowers
Aplectrum hyemale
There's a good chance you've noticed this orchid on your winter hikes and wondered about its strange appearance: a green-and-white-striped, pleated leaf lying flat upon the dead leaves on the forest floor. Check back in May to see its flowers! More

American Feverfew (Wild Quinine)

Photo of American feverfew flower cluster.
Parthenium integrifolium
A common component of high-quality upland prairie, American feverfew, or wild quinine, is a native wildflower that was used to treat fevers or malaria. It's in the composite family. More

American Germander (Wood Sage)

Photo of American germander flowers
Teucrium canadense
Like most other mints, American germander has square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lobed flowers. The unusual configuration of the corolla lobes is the key identifying characteristic. More

American Ginseng

Photo of American ginseng plant with ripe berries
Panax quinquefolius
Wild and cultivated ginseng produce an annual crop in the United States and Canada valued in excess of $25 million, but overzealous collection is causing serious concern about the survival of American ginseng in the forest ecosystem. More

American Lotus

Photo of lotus in pool at Duck Creek CA
Nelumbo lutea
American lotus is an aquatic plant with circular leaves that are held above water. The large yellow flowers have an interesting showerhead-like disk at the center. More

American Water Willow

Photo of American water willow closeup on flowers
Justicia americana
American water willow is common on gravel bars and other stream banks throughout much of Missouri. The dense colonies of emergent stems have leaves like a willow’s, but the two-lipped flowers resemble little orchids. More

Bastard Toadflax (False Toadflax)

Photo of bastard toadflax plant with flowers
Comandra umbellata (formerly C. richardsiana)
Despite its coarse-sounding name, bastard toadflax is one of the hundreds of wildflowers that bejewel our native prairies. A perennial herb with yellowish-green foliage and smooth, upright stems, it grows and flowers under the hottest conditions. More

Beebalm (Bradbury Beebalm)

Photo of Bradbury beebalm plant with pale flowers
Monarda bradburiana (sometimes called M. russeliana)
Also called horsemint and wild bergamot, beebalm is a showy, fragrant plant that is a favorite of native plant gardeners. It’s also a favorite of Missouri’s butterflies! More

Beefsteak Plant (Wild Basil; Rattlesnake Weed; Shiso)

Photo of beefsteak plant showing upper leaves and flower cluster
Perilla frutescens
Introduced as an ornamental, this native of Asia is common in moist or dry wooded bottomlands, open valley pastures, and along trails, railroads, and roadsides. Beefsteak plant is edible, and red forms of it are often grown in herb gardens. More

Bellwort (Large Bellwort)

Photo of bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora
A common spring wildflower found in forests nearly statewide, bellwort has bell-shaped flowers that droop downward. The yellow petals sometimes look twisted, almost wilted. More