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Content tagged with "Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants"

Photo of Adam and Eve orchid flowers

Adam and Eve Orchid (Putty Root)

Aplectrum hyemale
There's a good chance you've noticed this orchid on your winter hikes and wondered about its strange appearance: a green-and-white-striped, pleated leaf lying flat upon the dead leaves on the forest floor. Check back in May to see its flowers!

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Photo of American feverfew flower cluster.

American Feverfew (Wild Quinine)

Parthenium integrifolium
A common component of high-quality upland prairie, American feverfew, or wild quinine, is a native wildflower that was used to treat fevers or malaria. It's in the composite family.

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Photo of American germander flowers

American Germander (Wood Sage)

Teucrium canadense
Like most other mints, American germander has square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lobed flowers. The unusual configuration of the corolla lobes is the key identifying characteristic.

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Photo of American ginseng plant with ripe berries

American Ginseng

Panax quinquefolius
Wild and cultivated ginseng produce an annual crop in the United States and Canada valued in excess of $25 million, but overzealous collection is causing serious concern about the survival of American ginseng in the forest ecosystem.

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Photo of lotus in pool at Duck Creek CA

American Lotus

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus is an aquatic plant with circular leaves that are held above water. The large yellow flowers have an interesting showerhead-like disk at the center.

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Photo of American water willow closeup on flowers

American Water Willow

Justicia americana
American water willow is common on gravel bars and other stream banks throughout much of Missouri. The dense colonies of emergent stems have leaves like a willow’s, but the two-lipped flowers resemble little orchids.

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Photo of ashy sunflowers showing flowers, leaves, and stems.

Ashy Sunflower (Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower is relatively short compared to others in its genus. Its leaves are grayish, hairy, sessile, and broadly oval. Its colonies are common in upland prairies in the southern half of the state.

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Photo of autumn sneezeweed flowerheads, closeup.

Autumn Sneezeweed (Common Sneezeweed)

Helenium autumnale
Autumn sneezeweed is a late-blooming perennial with conspicuously winged stems. The flowerheads have yellow, domed disks. The ray flowers are fan-shaped, yellow, and notched.

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Photo of bastard toadflax plant with flowers

Bastard Toadflax (False Toadflax)

Comandra umbellata (formerly C. richardsiana)
Despite its coarse-sounding name, bastard toadflax is one of the hundreds of wildflowers that bejewel our native prairies. A perennial herb with yellowish-green foliage and smooth, upright stems, it grows and flowers under the hottest conditions.

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Photo of beaked hawkweed flowers.

Beaked Hawkweed

Hieracium gronovii
A native wildflower of forests, blufftops, glades, pastures, and roadsides, beaked hawkweed looks something like a hairy, yellow-flowering chicory. It is found mostly south of the Missouri River.

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