Content tagged with "Fishes"

Color illustration of spring cavefish, an endangered species

Spring Cavefish

Forbesichthys agassizi
This is the only cavefish in our state that has eyes, however small, and whose body is yellowish-brown or brown; our other cavefishes lack eyes entirely and are pale and nearly colorless.

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striped bass illustration

Striped Bass

Morone saxatilis
Primarily a marine species native to the Atlantic Coast of North America, the striped bass has been successfully stocked into numerous reservoirs throughout the United States. A silvery, elongated fish with prominent dark, horizontal stripes along the sides.

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Image of a striped shiner

Striped Shiner

Luxilus chrysocephalus
This rather large, deep-bodied minnow inhabits clean, rocky streams, mostly south of the Missouri River.

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Color illustration of Swamp Darter

Swamp Darter

Etheostoma fusiforme
Darters usually prefer the swift, clear waters of streams and riffles, but this darter is different. True to its name, it prefers swamps and sloughs with no current at all. Rare in our state, it’s found only in a few southeast Missouri locations.

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Color illustration of Taillight Shiner

Taillight Shiner

Notropis maculatus
One of the rarest Missouri minnows, the taillight shiner is known only from a few localities in Southeast Missouri—in habitats representing the last remnants of low-gradient streams and swamps that once characterized that region.

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Color illustration of the tiger muskie, a long, narrow game fish

Tiger Muskellunge (Tiger Muskie)

Esox masquinongy x E. lucius (a hybrid fish)
Tiger muskies, being the hybrid offspring of muskellunge and northern pike, are sterile and unable to reproduce. They sometimes appear naturally in waters inhabited by both parent species, but they are also produced artificially in hatcheries for stocking purposes.

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Image of a topeka shiner

Topeka Shiner

Notropis topeka
Currently found in only a few Missouri streams, this endangered native minnow has declined precipitously because of environmental pollution, siltation and loss or alteration of habitat.

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Image of a trout-perch


Percopsis omiscomaycus
This peculiar little fish is our only fish with both an adipose fin and rough-edged scales, characteristics of trout and perch, respectively—thus the name "trout-perch." This fish represents a family that was formerly much larger but that is now mostly extinct. Only two species of trout-perches are known to live worldwide—and ours is declining.

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Image of walleye


Sander vitreus
Walleye fishing in Missouri is heating up, as the Missouri Department of Conservation has been stocking this popular game fish in lakes and reservoirs that can best support it. Stockton, Lake of the Ozarks, Bull Shoals and numerous other reservoirs should soon have an impressive walleye fishery.

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Lepomis gulosus
Webster's doesn't hazard a guess as to how this fish got its common name, but the scientific name translates to "large-mouthed" sunfish—and males defend their nests and eggs with a fierce display with widened gill covers, blood-red eyes and intense yellow color.

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