Content tagged with "Fishes"

Image of a river carpsucker

River Carpsucker

Carpiodes carpio
The river carpsucker has a silvery, deep, rather thick body, a long, sickle-shaped dorsal fin, and whitish lower fins. The center of the lower lip has a nipple-like projection.

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Sabine Shiner

Notropis sabinae
Missouri’s southeastern lowlands are home to a fantastic array of plants and animals found nowhere else in the state. The Sabine shiner is one of them—in Missouri, it’s known only from a short stretch of the Black River in Butler County.

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Image of a sauger fish


Sander canadensis
This relative of the walleye is also called the Jack salmon, spotted Jack and sand pike. It's found mostly in the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and suitable tributaries, as well as the Eleven Point River in southern Missouri, mainly in flowing water and often swift current.

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Shovelnose sturgeon illustration

Shovelnose Sturgeon

Scaphirhynchus platorynchus
Because it so closely resembles the endangered pallid sturgeon, the shovelnose sturgeon is treated as an endangered species, and it is illegal to harvest it for commercial purposes in Missouri.

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Image of a silver carp

Silver Carp

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
This large, silvery fish is an invasive, non-native carp that causes lots of problems. It is illegal to use this fish as live bait. Do not collect, transport, or dump it. Related to the bighead carp, but with the head relatively smaller, and eyes higher on head. Keel extends forward to base of pectoral fins. No dark splotches.

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Image of a slender madtom

Slender Madtom

Noturus exilis
Like all Missouri catfish, this species has smooth, scaleless skin and barbels (“whiskers”) around the mouth. In this species, the adipose fin forms a low, keellike ridge connected to the tail fin, rather than a flaplike lobe. All madtoms have sharp, sawtoothed pectoral spines that have a mild venom. Being stung or pricked by one of the spines cause a burning pain similar to a bee or wasp sting.

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Image of smallmouth bass

Smallmouth Bass

Micropterus dolomieu
Also called "brown bass," "brownie" and "bronzeback," this popular gamefish is found predominantly in cool, clear Ozark streams and large reservoirs in the Ozarks. Found sparingly in the upper Mississippi River and its principal prairie tributaries that have clear water and permanent flow.

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Image of a southern cave fish

Southern Cavefish

Typhlichthys subterraneus
Has a long, flattened head without eyes (the only other Missouri fish that lacks eyes is the Ozark cavefish). Unpigmented, resulting in a whitish-pink appearance due to blood vessels under the skin.

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Image of a southern redbelly dace

Southern Redbelly Dace

Phoxinus erythrogaster
Slender minnow with two dusky stripes separated by a broad golden or yellowish stripe along the side. Scales are very small, barely visible to the naked eye. Lives in small creeks and spring branches of the Ozarks where there is permanent flow of cool, clear water and a gravelly or sandy bottom.

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Image of a spotted bass

Spotted Bass

Micropterus punctulatus
Also called "spot" and "Kentucky bass," this species inhabits permanent-flowing waters that are warmer and slightly more turbid than those where the smallmouth bass occurs. Begin to recognize it by noting the form of its stripe and the length of its jaw.

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