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Content tagged with "Fishes"

Image of a longnose gar fish

Longnose Gar

Lepisosteus osseus
The longnose gar is the most widely distributed gar in Missouri, found in nearly every major stream and impoundment in the state. It typically inhabits sluggish pools and backwaters of streams and deeper open water areas of lakes.

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Color illustration of Mountain Madtom

Mountain Madtom

Noturus eleutherus
This small catfish is rare and endangered in Missouri. It has been recorded from only a few locations in the southeastern portion of the state.

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Muskellunge

Muskellunge

Esox masquinongy
Long and slender, with a mouth full of razor-sharp teeth, this big, non-native pike is stocked in selected lakes in the Ozark region and near St. Louis.

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Neosho Madtom

Neosho Madtom

Noturus placidus
This endangered species is the smallest catfish in Missouri, where it lives under rocks in riffles or runs, in the clear water of Spring River in Jasper County.

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Photograph of a Niangua darter

Niangua Darter

Etheostoma nianguae
Two small, jet-black spots at the base of the tail fin distinguish this small fish from the more than 30 other darters found in our state. Known from only a few tributaries of the Osage River, this dainty and colorful fish is a nationally threatened species.

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Northern Brook Lamprey

Ichthyomyzon fossor
While the odd group of eel-like fish known as lampreys are famous for being fish parasites, one whole group of them is completely nonparasitic: Brook lampreys are essentially bottom feeders. The northern brook lamprey is a great example from Missouri.

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Image of a northern hogsucker

Northern Hogsucker

Hypentelium nigricans
One of the most abundant and widely distributed stream fishes in the Ozarks, the northern hogsucker has a large, bony, square head. The mouth is at the tip of snout on the bottom; the lips are highly protrusable and covered with bumps. There are usually four dark crossbars.

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Color illustration of the northern pike, a long, narrow game fish

Northern Pike

Esox lucius
The largest pike native to Missouri, the northern pike can be more than 4 feet long and weigh more than 40 pounds. Missouri is on the southern edge of the range of this species. Because of its rarity here, it is of little importance as a game fish.

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Image of a northern rock bass

Northern Rock Bass (Goggle-Eye)

Ambloplites rupestris
Thicker-bodied than most other sunfish with large mouth and very large eyes. Spiny dorsal fin with 12 spines broadly connected to soft dorsal fin.

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Image of a Northern studfish

Northern Studfish

Fundulus catenatus
Among the prettiest of our native topminnows, this species has silvery or brownish sides with numerous horizontal streaks and dashes. Males in breeding condition have electric blue sides with horizontal red lines and their heads and fins are decorated with reddish spots.

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