Content tagged with "Fishes"

Image of a chestnut lamprey

Chestnut Lamprey

Ichthyomyzon castaneus
This strange, eel-like fish generates a lot of excitement when people see it, because it's a "vampire" to other fish. Adults have a well-developed, rasplike oral disc, seven porelike gill openings, no paired fins and a single nostril. The ammocoetes (the larval forms) are eyeless and have a horseshoe-shaped hood as a mouth.

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Image of common carp

Common Carp

Cyprinus carpio
Often we define the word “minnow” as any little fish, but more properly, minnows are a family of fishes, and some can get pretty big! The common carp, an introduction from Asia, is one of these “whopper” minnows.

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Common Shiner

Common Shiner

Luxilus cornutus
Principally found in central and west-central Missouri in short, direct tributaries of the Missouri River, this minnow is very similar to the striped shiner, only it lacks dusty sprinkles of pigment on its chin and (except for breeding males) lacks dark lines on the upper part of its body.

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Image of a creek chub

Creek Chub

Semotilus atromaculatus
A slender, fine-scaled minnow with a black blotch at front of the dorsal fin and a black spot at the base of the tail fin. Dark olive back with silvery sides that have greenish or purplish reflections and a thick dusky stripe. Found nearly statewide.

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Color illustration of Crystal Darter

Crystal Darter

Crystallaria asprella
This pale, very slender darter is Endangered in Missouri. Formerly known from many river drainages in the east-central and southeastern parts of our state, it apparently now lives only in the Gasconade and Black rivers.

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Color illustration of Cypress Minnow

Cypress Minnow

Hybognathus hayi
Missouri’s Bootheel lowlands are unlike any other place in the state, and many of the animals and plants that live there occur nowhere else within our borders. The cypress minnow, like the habitat it prefers, is in danger of vanishing from Missouri.

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Image of a duskystripe shiner

Duskystripe Shiner

Luxilus pilsbryi
Dark stripe along midside extending from nose to tail; an iridescent greenish-brown back with a narrow, lighter-colored band above the lateral dark stripe; silvery-white lower side and belly.

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Image of a fathead minnow

Fathead Minnow

Pimephales promelas
A chubby minnow with a blunt, rounded snout and short, rounded fins. Dusky stripe along the midside and a spot at the base of the tail fin. Occurs in streams of all sizes, but most abundant in pools of small prairie creeks, because of its tolerance for high temperatures, extreme turbidity and low oxygen.

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Image of flathead catfish

Flathead Catfish

Pylodictis olivaris
Also known as shovelhead cat, yellow cat, mud cat, goujon, appaluchion and johnnie cat, this olive-colored catfish prefers reservoirs and large streams with a slow current.

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Color illustration of Flathead Chub

Flathead Chub

Platygobio gracilis
This active, big-river fish formerly occurred along the entire length of the Missouri River. In the 1940s, it constituted 31 percent of all small fishes in the Missouri River! By the early 1980s, that figure was 1.1 percent. Today, it has all but vanished from our state.

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