Purple Milkweed

Asclepias purpurascens
Family: 
Asclepiadaceae (milkweeds)
Description: 

Slender perennial with flowers in the form typical of milkweeds, borne in umbels (rounded clusters), usually on stout, single stalks; pale purple to reddish purple to dark purple, with greenish or red tints. Clusters typically begin rather pale and greenish; the purplish color deepens and intensifies with time. Blooms May-July. Leaves opposite, broad, ovate, pointed at both ends, to 6 inches long, with fine down on underside, on very short stalks. Fruit relatively narrow seedpods, to 6 inches long, with numerous, tightly packed seeds, released and windborne on silky floss.

Similar species: Common milkweed (A. syriaca) has paler flower clusters that arise more often from leaf axils along the stalk instead of from the top of the stem; its seed pods are covered with soft prickles instead of being smooth on the outside.

Size: 
Height: to 3 feet.
Habitat and conservation: 
Occurs in upland prairies, glades, savannas, tops of bluffs, upland forests, and less commonly banks of streams; also pastures, roadsides, railroads, and open, disturbed areas. Where they occur together, purple milkweed might hybridize with common milkweed (S. syriaca).
Distribution in Missouri: 
Scattered statewide.
Human connections: 
Milkweeds have a long list of historical medicinal uses, and the milky sap (latex) was once explored as a potential source of rubber. The silky floss of the seedpods has been used for stuffing pillow and life preservers. With proper preparation, young shoots of the plant can be eaten.
Ecosystem connections: 
Many bees, butterflies, and skippers drink nectar from the flowers, and crab spiders often hide in the clusters, hunting them. The monarch butterfly uses milkweeds as larval food plants, collecting the sap's toxic cardiac gycosides in their bodies and becoming unpalatable to predators.
Shortened URL
http://mdc.mo.gov/node/18305