Cajun Dwarf Crayfish and Shufeldt’s Dwarf Crayfish
The two species of dwarf crayfish are appropriately named for their size. Both are reddish brown to gray, with a paired series of dark, wavy stripes or dashed lines along the dorsal surface. The tail fan usually has a dark central blotch. The pincers are narrow and long. The two species can be distinguished by examining the male reproductive structures, which are straight in Shufeldt’s dwarf crayfish (C. shufeldtii; sometimes called swamp dwarf crayfish) and curved in the Cajun dwarf crayfish (C. puer).
These two dwarf crayfish can be distinguished from the young of other lowland crayfish by the conspicuous dark pigment in the tail fan, and the lengthwise dark stripes or lines on the carapace. Also, the rostrum is flat, without a central troughlike depression.