Search

Bitter Bolete

Tylopilus felleus
Family: 
Boletaceae
Description: 

Large, tannish brown cap with pinkish white pores; webbed, tannish brown stalk. Grows singly or scattered, on the ground in mixed woods. June–November. Cap convex, becoming flat; tannish brown to buff; texture sticky when wet; flesh is thick, white. Pores small; round; pinkish white, turning pale pink with age. Stalk thick, enlarging toward the base; tannish brown, sometimes bruising brownish, with brown webbing; webbing, sometimes raised. Spore print burgundy brown. Spores magnified are smooth, elliptical.

Lookalikes: Other boletes, some of which may be edible.

Size: 
Cap width: 2–6 inches; stalk length: 1½–4 inches; stalk width: ¼–1¼ inches.
Habitat and conservation: 
Grows singly or scattered, on the ground in mixed woods.
Distribution in Missouri: 
Statewide.
Status: 
Not edible. If you are tempted to taste, beware! The bitter bolete can be extremely bitter. This species resembles the choice king bolete (Boletus edulis), which does not grow in Missouri but can sometimes be found in stores.
Life cycle: 
This species is mycorrhizal: It exists most of the time as a network of cells (mycelium) connected to tree roots, in a symbiotic relationship with the tree. (Many trees fare poorly without their fungal partners.) When ready to reproduce, the mycelium forms the mushroom aboveground—this is the reproductive structure. In boletes, spores are produced in the pores under the cap and are released to begin new mycelia elsewhere. The mycelium of a mushroom can live for decades.
Human connections: 
It is easy to get caught up in hunting mushrooms for eating. But keep in mind that inedible fungi have important roles in nature, and that they possess a beauty in color and form that humans can enjoy.
Ecosystem connections: 
This is one of many fungus species that help nourish forest trees through symbiosis. The netlike fibers of the fungus cover the surface of a tree’s roots, increasing the surface area and the roots’ ability to absorb water and nutrients. In return, the tree shares nutrients with the fungus.
Shortened URL
http://mdc.mo.gov/node/20635