Landowners and Deer

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Published on: Nov. 2, 2007

Last revision: Dec. 6, 2010

whole family enjoys seeing deer, and we take rides nearly every evening to look for deer.”

Some landowners in Missouri reap economic benefits by leasing their land for deer hunting, but the Brinkers have chosen to make their farm available for family and friends to hunt. About 13 hunters annually hunt deer on the property.

The Brinkers emphasize youth hunting and the taking of antlerless deer. In fact, the Brinker farm rule is that a hunter can only harvest a buck if it is larger than any buck previously harvested by that individual on the farm.

“When our sons were younger,” Susan Brinker said, “this rule gave Cody and Travis a chance to harvest almost any deer that happened along, which was good for the boys in their early days. The same rule now provides a goal for the family, increases the competitive spirit of our hunts, and annually lets us see the rewards of our management efforts.”

Kenny estimates that the brothers’ families and friends harvest 15 to 20 deer annually on the farm between bow hunting, rifle hunting and late antlerless-only seasons. The family enjoys making sausage from the deer they harvest, so taking multiple deer is not a problem.

If their family and friends don’t take enough deer, Missouri landowners can usually find other hunters eager to harvest deer from their land. When granting permission to hunt, landowners are encouraged to set guidelines that restrict the size or number of bucks or antlerless deer that may be harvested.

The Antlerless Debate

Some deer hunters and landowners hold fast to the notion that harvesting antlerless deer is a mistake and only bucks or antlered deer should be taken. We were talking about the upcoming deer season at my local barbershop one recent Saturday morning, for example, and the conversation quickly turned to deer numbers. It wasn’t long before someone mentioned deer damage in their backyard garden. I casually suggested harvesting antlerless deer as a way of keeping the population in check.

To my surprise, one guy emphatically said, “There will be no does taken on my property this year.”

Missouri’s social traditions for deer hunting are long-standing. Hunter attitudes are hard to change. Landowners can become more involved and help in efforts to strengthen the genetics of the herd over the long term. Harvesting antlerless deer is the key to deer management, especially population control.

Although many hunters refuse to consider antlerless deer as “trophies,” I submit that there is no finer table fare than an adult or yearling doe properly prepared and cooked. If you’ve got too much of a good thing, you can help the less fortunate by donating venison through the Share the Harvest Program (for more information, visit

Help Available

The Department of Conservation can provide technical assistance in helping you manage the deer on your farm or ranch. Contact your regional Conservation Department office with questions regarding landowner deer permits, deer hunting or habitat management options for your property.

The Department sets deer seasons and sets limits on the number and gender of deer harvested, but landowners have freedom to work within those regulations to meet the deer management needs of their property.

It’s important to remember that under most conditions, increasing the antlerless deer harvest will improve the health of your deer herd and help keep the population in check. The three families involved with Brinker farms have learned this and will continue to be active in controlling and enjoying deer populations on the farm for years to come.

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