The Wild Morels
season to a month or more. If you hunt for only one species, a week or two is usually all you get.
If you rushed ahead to this part to learn how to find the secret spots, well, they're not here. Morels are less predictable than most wild things, and their habits are maddening. They often grow where they shouldn't, and they don't grow where they should. You must enjoy the looking as much as the picking, or you will not last long as a morel hunter.
Sadly, a very high percentage of Missouri's forests and fields contain no morels at all. Many areas that look exactly like spots where you had great success before may not hold a single mushroom. It is easy to blame your eyesight or arriving too early or too late.
Try to find a forest where you know morels have been found before. Exploring totally new ground is still fun and often the only option, but recognize that it is a long shot. You will need to invest some time searching and then learn how to keep your new spots a secret.
Although we can't tell you where to go, we can tell you what to look for.
Half-free Morel (Morchella semilibera)
- Emerges after the peak of the black morels and slightly before common morels.
- A very small morel, often found mixed with common morels.
- The only morel with a "free skirt" type cap.
- The only morel with the stalk longer in proportion to the cap.
- Delicious. Best eaten when small. Caps fall off easily at maturity.
- Prefers wooded areas with ash and elm trees.
Black Morel (Morchella angusticeps/elata)
- The earliest true morel to appear, often two weeks before the common morels appear.
- Most likely species to produce the "mother lode."
- Prefers forested areas with ash trees.
- Seldom found growing with other morel species.
- Mild flavor when young, stronger flavor when mature.
- Mature specimens are often large, fragile and crumbly.
- Very difficult to see on sunny days. They "hide" in the shadows.
- Tolerates heavy, repeated pickings better than other morel species.
Common Morel (Morchella esculenta)
- Emerges in mid-season when black morels are maturing.
- Most popular and most common morel species.
- Sometimes argued to be three separate species because of variations during the three stages of maturity. Spore testing shows them to be one species.
- Usually found singularly or in small patches, sometimes occur in banana like clusters.
- Large finds in one locale are rare.
- Found in a wide variety of habitats.
- Often found under dead and live elm, ash and apple trees.
- Flavor is choice in all stages, but sometimes tough when mature.
False Morel (Gyromitra species) (Poisonous)
- Not a true morel, but often called morels by mushroom hunters. Illness and deaths have resulted from eating this fungus, although some people can tolerate them.
- Found very early in the season.
- Can become very large.
- Sometimes known as red morels, red mushrooms, elephant ears or brain mushrooms.
- Often found around rotted oak tree stumps
Late Morel (Morchella deliciosa)
- Appears after all other species are over-mature or gone.
- Their small size (1-3 inches) is disappointing compared to giants.
- Pits are large and few compared to other species.
- The least understood and most often overlooked species.
- Excellent flavor, but often difficult to find enough for a meal.