Warm Cows & Cool Breezes
to keep livestock from windbreaks.
Planning Your Windbreaks
|Purpose||Minimum # of Rows||Fence||Tree Type & Configuration|
|High Traffic screen||6||optional|
|Medium-low Traffic Screen||3||optional|
|Alternative version of Visual Screen||3||optional|
Choosing Your Species
|American hazel||eastern redcedar||river birch||white pine||bald cypress|
|gray dogwood||jack pine||Osage-orange||shortleaf pine||northern red oak|
|fragrant sumac||black locust||red pine||white oak|
|arrowwood viburnum||green ash||hackberry|
For windbreaks with fewer rows:
- Two-row windbreak: use species from rows 2-3 or 1-3 or 1-4
- Three-row windbreak: use species from rows 1-2-3 or 2-3-4
- Four-row windbreak: use species from rows 1-2-3-4 or 2-3-4-5 or 1-2-3-5
Planting Your Windbreak
Stagger tree spacing so the trees in one row will be planted opposite the opening in the other row
|Use these spacings within the rows:||Shrubs||Evergreen Trees||Deciduous Trees|
|Use these spacings between the rows:||Shrubs||Shrubs & Trees||Trees|
Although city dwellers usually don't have the space to plant large windbreaks, there are still opportunities to reduce their energy consumption. The placement of trees around a home is critical to take advantage of summer shade while not blocking winter solar heat. When planning where to plant trees, remember that the sun's position in the sky changes hourly and daily. Plan for shadows that cover targeted areas during the hottest hours of the hottest weeks of summer.
Deciduous trees that provide maximum summer shade and minimum winter shade are ideal for reducing energy consumption, but they must be located properly for best year-round results.